Soil fumigation moderately succeeded in combatting such fungus diseases as fusarium wilt, verticillium wilt, and Texas root rot, which are restricted to certain conditions of soil, rainfall, and general climate. The fibres can be made into a wide variety of fabrics ranging from lightweight voiles and laces to heavy sailcloths and thick-piled velveteens, suitable for a great variety of wearing apparel, home furnishings, and industrial uses. Cotton is slightly more absorbent, as cotton can hold more than 25% of its weight in water while linen can hold up to 20% water. Omissions? The fertilized blossoms fall off after a few days and are replaced by small green triangular pods, called bolls, that mature after a period of 55–80 days. Various finishing processes have been developed to make cotton resistant to stains, water, and mildew; to increase resistance to wrinkling, thus reducing or eliminating the need for ironing; and to reduce shrinkage in laundering to not more than 1 percent. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Cotton, seed-hair fibre of several species of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). You can find cotton in your clothes, sheets, and towels, but cotton is also used to make things like rope, U.S. currency, paper, cooking oil, animal feed, packaging, and biofuels. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Linen also has natural water-wicking qualities, which means it draws water (or sweat) out of the skin and dries quickly. All cotton sold as organic in the United States must meet strict federal regulations covering how the cotton is grown. Cotton has been grown for food, fiber, and even fuel for over 6,000 years. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. The procedure for weaving cotton yarn into fabric is similar to that for other fibres. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Punjab are the principal cotton-growing states. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Cotton-spinning machinery Cotton gin Cotton mill Cotton picker Mercerised cotton Spinning jenny Spinning mule Spinning wheel Water frame The history of cotton can be traced to domestication.Cotton played an important role in the history of India, the British Empire, and the United States, and continues to be an important crop and commodity. How to use cotton in a sentence. Losses have been estimated as high as 50 percent in some African countries and in Brazil. https://www.britannica.com/topic/cotton-fibre-and-plant, Jewish Women's Archive - Biography of Anne Frank, Web Gallery of Art - Biography of Antonio Canova, The New Georgia Encyclopedia - Business and Economy - Cotton, JewishEncyclopedia.com - Biography of Georg Brandes, cotton - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), cotton - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). • Grown in warm climates around the world, their differences include … Cotton looms interlace the tense lengthwise yarns, called warp, with crosswise yarns called weft, or filling. Mechanization has also reduced substantially the labour needed to grow cotton. Cotton fibres may be classified roughly into three large groups, based on staple length (average length of the fibres making up a sample or bale of cotton) and appearance. Linters, fibres considerably shorter than the seed hair and more closely connected to the seed, come from a second growth beginning about 10 days after the first seed hairs begin to develop. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Whereas it grows up to 6 metres (20 feet) high in the tropics, it characteristically ranges from 1 to 2 metres (3 to 6.5 feet) in height under cultivation. Blends (composites) are made during yarn processing by joining drawn cotton with other staple fibres, such as polyester or casein. Cotton, seed-hair fiber of several species of plants of the genus Gossypium, belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family. It is comfortable to wear because it absorbs and releases moisture quickly. Cotton, one of the world’s leading agricultural crops, is plentiful and economically produced, making cotton products relatively inexpensive. Finally, the roving is transferred to a spinning frame, where it is drawn further, twisted on a ring spinner, and wound on a bobbin as yarn. The seed hair, or cotton fibre, reaching a maximum length of about 6 cm (2.5 inches) in long-fibre varieties, is known as lint. A fieldworker picking cotton in Leme, São Paulo state, Brazil. Cotton lisle, or fil d'Ecosse cotton, is a finely-spun, tightly twisted type of cotton that is noted for being strong and durable. Thinner strands are produced by the roving (slubbing) process, in which the sliver is converted to roving by being pulled and slightly twisted. When warmth is desired, it can be napped, a process giving the fabric a downy surface. Overview Information Cotton is a plant. A chemical defoliant is usually applied before mechanical picking to cause the plants to shed their leaves, thus encouraging more uniform ripening of the bolls. The various species of cotton grown as agricultural crops are native to most subtropical parts of the world and were domesticated independently multiple times. • Cotton is made from the natural fibers of cotton plants, which are from the genus Gossypium.. Cotton is primarily composed of cellulose, an insoluble organic compound crucial to plant structure, and is a soft and fluffy material.