A deontological action is always seen and judged independently of its outcome. 1.Utilitarianism and deontology are two known ethical systems. She is currently employed as a lecturer. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. There is a belief that the philosopher thinks and implements ideas that are more selfish in the utilitarianism school of thought. Second, humans should be treated as objects of intrinsic moral value; that is, as ends in themselves and never as a mere means to some other end (say, overall happiness or welfare). The main difference between Kantianism and Utilitarianism is that Kantianism is a deontological moral theory whereas utilitarianism is a teleological moral theory.. Happiness is equal to the pleasure and the absence of pain. Suffice it to say that the majority of moral philosophers and theologians have found it defective. Deontological Ethics There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. One of the finest principles included in the school of thought of deontology is that, every action should be characterized by morality. For example, acts of lying, promise breaking, or murder are intrinsically wrong and we have a duty not to do these things. For this and other reasons, many thinkers have advocated a second type of moral theory, deontological ethics. It is totally dependent on scriptures. Hence, the followers of utilitarianism school of morality give more value to the outcome of an action. Third, a moral principle is a categorical imperative that is universalizable; that is, it must be applicable for everyone who is in the same moral situation. However, these two philosophies take on different standpoints on ethics. 1019 words (4 pages) Essay. Healthcare follows the utilitarianism principles to a great extent. The following is an excerpt from article DE197-1 from the Christian Research Institute. Consequences help us find what is our duty, they are not what make something our duty. The meaning of the word ‘deontology’ is ‘the study of duty’. First, duty should be done for duty’s sake. https://opinionfront.com/consequentialism-vs-deontology-vs-virtue-ethics The process dissociation procedure (PDP) for moral cognition was created to separately measure two dispositions of moral judgment based on the dual-process theory of moral reasoning: deontological and utilitarian inclinations. It’s the support of friends like you that enables CRI to keep these articles FREE. Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). 2.Utilitarianism revolves around the concept of “the end justifies the means,” while deontology works on the concept “the end does not justify the means.” 3.Utilitarianism is considered a consequence-oriented philosophy. This is the main difference between utilitarianism and deontology. According Motta's opinion listed on web site www.E-how.com, the differences between deontological and utilitarianism is: "Duty-based ethics are often called deontological and consequentialist ethics are often labeled as utilitarian". (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. Nevertheless, justified or unjustified, deontological ethics imply that humans are ends in themselves with intrinsic value. 1.”JohnStuartMill”. Looking “Along” A Review of Moral Combat: How Sex Divided American Christians and Fractured American Politics by R. Marie Griffith, She Who Has Eyes, Let Her See: A look at Didn’t See That Coming by Rachel Hollis, BoJack Horseman: Loneliness in a Godless Universe, HBO’s Westworld and the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. This does not mean that consequences of acts are not relevant for assessing those acts. • Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’ whereas Utilitarianism does. Thank you for your help. Kantian Deontology is Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). It is totally dependent on scriptures. This is one of the important principles laid down by the ethical school of thought called deontology. It is important to know that deontology insists the ethical importance of both the action and the consequence. Deontology does not believe in the concept of ‘the end justifies the means’. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. The full pdf can be viewed by clicking here. The primary difference between Mill’s Utilitarianism and Kant’s Deontology is the answer to the question: Do the ends (always or sometimes) morally justify the means? As a matter of fact, the term was first used by the philosophers John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham. Utilitarianism and deontological theory have their similarities and differences in the philosophical world. There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. The similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological began with defining each on their own values. The similarities and differences between virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological began with defining each on their own values. • Utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character but, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. Differences Between Deontology And Act Utilitarianism Philosophy Essay. In addition, my personal experience addresses how each theory identifies ethics and morality in relation to personal experiences with virtue, values, and moral concepts for a United States Navy service member. On the other hand, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. the right action plan is the one through which the best outcomes can be achieved. Both Kantianism and utilitarianism are ethical theories that express the ethical standard of an action. Utilitarianism focuses on the idea of the greater good. Difference Between Utilitarianism and Deontology Utilitarianism and deontology are two of the most widely used terms related to ethical systems. The site further explains that deontological pertains to theory of binding responsibility or duty. Unlike religious deontological … Kant vs. Mill Deontology vs. Utilitarianism In any functioning society, a system of morals must be present to establish what is right and wrong. In such a context, the attention paid to the manner in which a goal is achieved is insignificant. This ethics system is intended to be precise and by the book. Essentially, this ethical theory intends to maximize good for the the most people. As we will see in Part Two, this notion is very difficult to justify if one abandons the theological doctrine of man being made in the image of God. Deontological ethics has at least three important features. These are associated with morality. This can be identified as the main difference between the two concepts. All rights reserved. • Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account whereas, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. But basically, a utilitarian approach to morality implies that no moral act (e.g., an act of stealing) or rule (e.g., “Keep your promises”) is intrinsically right or wrong. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. Deontological ethics is in keeping with Scripture, natural moral law, and intuitions from common sense. Rather, the rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is solely a matter of the overall nonmoral good (e.g., pleasure, happiness, health, knowledge, or satisfaction of individual desire) produced in the consequences of doing that act or following that rule. On the other hand, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. The rightness or wrongness of an act or rule is, at least in part, a matter of the intrinsic moral features of that kind of act or rule. [Public Domain], Wikimedia Commons, 2.”Immanuel Kant (painted portrait)” by unspecified [Public Domain], via Wikimedia Commons, Filed Under: Behaviour Tagged With: consequentiality, deon, Deontology, ethical behavior, logos, Morality, study of duty, Utilitarianism, Nedha is a Graduate in Sociology and holds an Advanced Diploma in Psychology.