The sheep are large but docile. Lambs yield an average of 1.8 kg (4.0 lb) of wool; yearlings may yield 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) at each shearing. Border Leicester sheep have been exported to British Guiana, Canada, China, Colombia, South Africa, France, Spain, Portugal, United States, India, Japan, Yugoslavia, Iran, Hungary, Russia, Turkey and Switzerland. In the Australian prime lamb industry, the development of the Border Leicester / Merino cross ewe has proven to be the backbone of its success. George and Mathew Culley bought some of Robert Bakewell's Dishley Leicesters and the breed was soon found on both sides of the border through sales held by the Culley brothers. They were friends of Bakewell and had access to his improved Leicesters. They have been exported to other sheep-producing regions, including Australia and the United States. The first cross (both ewe and wether portion) also have a  superior skin  with the elimination of wrinkles and ribbing; these being huge devaluation factors in the skin trade. First cross Border Merino ewes are sought after by leading lamb producers across the country because of their ability to produce large numbers of quality lambs, over a wide range of climatic conditions. More compact and solid in build, the Border Leicester has a stronger meat production air about it. The clean points of this cross give a clear husbandry and management advantage. Australia’s dominant sheep breed is the Merino based on its wool production. The Border Leicester is a British breed of sheep. More lambs per head and/or unit area; more dollars per lamb in less time greatly increases any producer’s profitability. The Border Leicester … The Border Leicester also has a longer loin and leaner meat than many sheep of its size. Poll Dorset or Southdown) to produce prime lambs, which grow rapidly to market weights and have the ideal carcase shape. The name of the tribe comes from the fact that their birthplace is close to Scotland’s border, their foundation stock is Dishley Leicester … The nose should be black and the ears should be large, upright and alert. Lambs finish quickly due to their high growth rate and produce high quality, desirable meat. Border Leicester sheep were imported to Australia in 1871, where they now have a large number of stud flocks. Ewe numbers have been built up over the past few years with a little over … The Border Leicester is a natural when it comes to direct marketing. This superior skin value is also extremely important when passed onto the ‘second cross’ lambs in the prime lamb industry; an economic advantage often overlooked by producers. The sheep are large but docile. The Border Leicester breed was founded in 1767 by George & Matthew Culley of Fenton, Northumberland, England. Prime lambs are typically second cross produced from crossbred ewes (e.g. Border Leicester wool falls in long, shining locks that are popular with hand spinners. Straight, good length, broad with wide flat loin, evenly covered with flesh that is firm to touch. Lambing is concentrated in autumn–early winter and crossbreeding is a feature of the system. The Border Leicester ram can have a huge role to play in any commercial sheep producer’s economic outcome. Testicles even in size, soft to handle, evenly hung. The Border Leicester also has a longer loin and leaner meat than many sheep of its size. Besides the huge production advantages that can be made through hybrid vigour, the crossing of Border Leicester rams over the readily available Merino ewes, produces a ewe that has superior maternal and meat producing traits. Australia’s dominant sheep breed is the Merino based on its wool production. Pastern should be medium length and strong. Medium size, smooth crown, medium width in forehead, and even down the face to slightly Roman nose, deep through from eye. The Dishley Leicester became very popular with local farmers. Medium length, tapering nicely from the head and strongly set in at shoulders. Border Leicester rams are used for mating with Merino ewes to breed the first-cross mothers that are so valuable for the production of prime lambs. © 2013 Australian Border Leicester Association                                    Design by  JaM Marketing & Design Ph: 0417 086 828                                                All rights reserved. [2] The sheep are large but docile. Unfortunately, because it doesn’t provide the same dramatic frame and lambing percentage improvements that the Bluefaced Leicester does, the Border Leicester … More lambs per head and/or unit … Run by George & Cherie Pagan, Cooinda was founded in 2016 wi... th 160 ewes and ewe lambs from Johnos Border Leicester’s. The live weight of a mature Border Leicester ram is in the range of 140–175 kg (309–386 lb) and a mature ewe 90–120 kg (200–260 lb). The Border Leicester was later used to develop New Zealand's Border-Romney cross (Coopworth) and the Border-Corriedale (Borderdale) breeds. [2] This variation in the breed resulted in the two being nicknamed the "Bluecaps" and the "Redlegs". Well sprung, deep body well let down forming good underline. Full and prominent, but mild and placid, with a quiet gentle expression. Some feel that the Culley brothers developed the Border Leicester by crossing Bakewell's improved Leicester rams with Teeswater ewes. [3] The head and legs should be free of wool and only covered in short white hair making it easier for shearing. The fleece should be uniform, 34-38 micron quality and evenly covered with a soft handling lustrous wool, good length of staple with a bold, broad lock, crimp well defined, carrying out well from skin to tip, dense on the skin and should fill the hand well having a weighty feel, free from wastiness or fribbyness on belly line and extremities, with no kemp or coarse fibres running through the fleece. Besides the huge production advantages that can be made through hybrid vigour, the crossing of Border Leicester rams over the readily available Merino ewes, produces a ewe … [4], Border Leicesters are all white with a distinct long body, well-developed chest, well-sprung ribs and a wide, strong back. Broad square and deep, leg of mutton well let down, tail well set on. Sheep of this breed should also have a distinct Roman nose much like the North Country Cheviot. [8], Border Leicester sheep also contribute about 50 percent of the genetics used in the Gromark breed of sheep that were developed in Australia.[9]. They have been exported to other sheep-producing regions, … Over many years the Border Leicester has proved itself to be the number one maternal breed in Australia. The Border Leicester Sheep is the twin purpose of domestic sheep descended from the United Kingdom. They are a robust, hardy breed with a very distinctive face and ears that stand up long on straight from their head. Around the 1830s two distinct types of Dishley Leicesters were developing on the two sides of the border. Their name derives from the fact that their birthplace is near the border of Scotland with their foundation stock being Dishley Leicester rams. In Großbritannien steht die Rasse als potentiell gefährdet auf der Beobachtungsliste des britischen Rare Breeds Survival Trust geführt. The breed is also hardy and easy to keep and manage.[5]. The first breed association was formed in 1888 in the United States[10] Currently, there are two associations: American Border Leicester Association and the North American Border Leicester Association. The whole body including brisket, belly, purse and neck should be well covered, in the case of rams the fleece to be slightly stronger. The Border Leicester is the largest indigenous breed in the British Isles and the purebred is popular with adults and children alike as a show animal due … The Border Leicester is a dual purpose breed of sheep, producing both meat and wool. Lively, mobile, thick medium size and semi-erect, white inside and out, well covered with white hair, black spots occasionally appear. A yearling ewe is around 64 kg (141 lb). Border Leicester wool falls in long, shining locks that are popular with hand spinners. The Border Leicester was developed in 1767 in Northumberland, England. Evenly and symmetrically balanced at every point, it should be free and noble in appearance, head carried boldly and alert showing character, should be able to move freely and carry itself in a majestic manner. Brown or rust spots undesirable. The Border Leicester is a dual purpose breed of sheep, producing both meat and wool. [1] It is a polled, long-wool sheep and is considered a dual-purpose breed as it is reared both for meat and for wool. The Border Leicester x Merino cross ewe has become renowned for producing and raising high percentages of top quality lambs that grow rapidly to heavy weights.