The random assignment began when the students entered kindergarten and lasted through third grade; in fourth grade, the experiment ended, and all the students were placed into the larger class size. One example of this process involves the function of social placement. White girls who had been in the smaller classes were less likely to have a teenage birth than white girls who had been in the larger classes. Evidence from Project STAR. Depending on the students some are held to a higher standard than others. Two reasons seem likely. Explain the problems that conflict theory sees in education. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Some children are destined for higher things because of their social class. Second, kindergarten teachers are better able to teach noncognitive skills (cooperating, listening, sitting still) in smaller classes, and these skills can have an impact many years later. This body of research has stimulated efforts to educate teachers about the ways in which they may unwittingly send these messages and about strategies they could use to promote greater interest and achievement by girls in math and science (Battey, Kafai, Nixon, & Kao, 2007). Some studies, for example, show how children’s playground activities reinforce gender-role socialization. A perspective is simply a way of looking at the world. Because education serves so many manifest and latent functions for society, problems in schooling ultimately harm society. Grodsky, E., Warren, J. R., & Felts, E. (2008). Thousands of immigrant children in the United States today are learning English, US history, and other subjects that help prepare them for the workforce and integrate them into American life. A second function of education is social integration. For this reason, the ideal study of class size would involve random assignment of both students and teachers to classes of different size. Functionalist perspective Definition or Meaning: Herbert Spencer and Emile Durkheim are the two … (teacher expectations play, Teachers perceive richer kids to be smarter, isolate them and treat. Booher-Jennings, J. A final latent function of education is that it keeps millions of high school students out of the full-time labor force. 1.2 Sociological Perspectives on Social Problems, 1.3 Continuity and Change in Social Problems, 2.1 The Measurement and Extent of Poverty, 2.2 Who the Poor Are: Social Patterns of Poverty, 3.1 Racial and Ethnic Inequality: A Historical Prelude, 3.5 Dimensions of Racial and Ethnic Inequality, 3.6 Explaining Racial and Ethnic Inequality, 3.7 Reducing Racial and Ethnic Inequality, 4.4 Violence against Women: Rape and Sexual Assault, Chapter 5: Sexual Orientation and Inequality, 5.2 Public Attitudes about Sexual Orientation, 5.3 Inequality Based on Sexual Orientation, 5.4 Improving the Lives of the LGBT Community, 6.3 Life Expectancy and the Graying of Society, 6.4 Biological and Psychological Aspects of Aging, 6.6 Reducing Ageism and Helping Older Americans, 7.5 Drug Policy and the War on Illegal Drugs, 7.6 Addressing the Drug Problem and Reducing Drug Use, 10.2 Sociological Perspectives on the Family, 10.3 Changes and Problems in American Families, 11.1 An Overview of Education in the United States, 11.2 Sociological Perspectives on Education, 11.3 Issues and Problems in Elementary and Secondary Education, 11.4 Issues and Problems in Higher Education, 12.2 Sociological Perspectives on Work and the Economy, 13.1 Sociological Perspectives on Health and Health Care, 13.2 Global Aspects of Health and Health Care, 13.3 Problems of Health in the United States, 13.4 Problems of Health Care in the United States, 14.2 Sociological Perspectives on Urbanization, Chapter 15: Population and the Environment, 15.1 Sociological Perspectives on Population and the Environment, 15.4 Addressing Population Problems and Improving the Environment, 16.1 Sociological Perspectives on War and Terrorism, 16.4 Preventing War and Stopping Terrorism. ( symbols(cross), rituals, beliefs, experiences), The conflict perspective: religion helps maintain societal norms and inequalities, (opium of the people, legitimating social inequalities), The differences between Sects, Cults, “Church” & Ecclesia, Cult: religion with few followers, whose teachings put it at odds with other, Sects: Larger than a cult, but members still feel tension between views and, Church: religious group that is highly bureaucratize. Fortunately, a notable study of this type exists. Symbolic interactionist studies of education examine social interaction in the classroom, on the playground, and in other school venues. Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson (1968) conducted a classic study of this phenomenon. These include socialization, social integration, social placement, and social and cultural innovation. Latent functions include child care, the establishment of peer relationships, and lowering unemployment by keeping high school students out of the full-time labor force. Functionalists believe that education equips people to perform different functional roles in society.