It is an alkali metal cation, an elemental sodium , a monovalent inorganic cation and a monoatomic monocation. Sodium (symbol Na, from the Latin name natrium) is the chemical element number 11 in the periodic table of elements. Hydrogen and sodium hydroxide are produced. By the charge of sodium, I assume you mean a sodium ion. Sodium atoms have 11 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.1. This agent may also inhibit acid production by commensal oral bacteria. Fluoride appears to bind to calcium ions in the hydroxyapatite of surface tooth enamel, preventing corrosion of tooth enamel by acids. Soap is generally a sodium salt of fatty acids. and its chemical name is sodium bicarbonate, where I'm sure you've come across it in baking or cooking where it undergoes thermal decomposition at above 70°C to release carbon dioxide - which then makes your dough rise. Alternative Titles: Na, natrium. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)", Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds,, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. Since sodium melts at a low temperature, it melts when it reacts with water. It exists as an ion in chemical compounds. Sodium is a Group 1 element (or IA in older labelling styles). The chemistry of sodium is dominated by electron loss to form Na+. It has a role as a human metabolite and a cofactor. Even if many isotopes can be artificially made, all decay in a short time. It is used in the preparation of organic compounds. potassium ion: Li + lithium ion: Mg 2+ magnesium ion: Mn 2+ manganese(II) / manganous: Mn 3+ manganese(III) / manganic: MnO 4-permanganate: N 3-nitride: Na + sodium ion: NH 2-amide: NH 4 + ammonium ion: Ni 2+ nickel ion: NO 2-nitrite: NO 3-nitrate: O 2 2-peroxide: O 2-oxide: OH-hydroxide: P 3-phosphide: Pb 2+ lead(II) / plumbous: Pb 4+ lead(IV) / plumbic: PO 3 3-phosphite: PO 4 3-phosphate: … As a result, all sodium found in nature (mainly in sea water) has the composition 11Na23, meaning that the nucleus includes 12 neutrons. Sodium is a vital element. Baking soda actually contains sodium (it's in the name!) Many organisms in the ocean depend on the proper concentration of ions in sea water to live. The name is sodium. Sodium cromoglycate Generic Name: Cromolyn INN: Cromoglicic acid {01} BAN: Cromoglycic acid {01} JAN: Sodium cromoglicate {01} VA CLASSIFICATION Primary: RE110 Secondary: RE160 Commonly used brand name(s): Intal; Intal Inhaler; Intal Syncroner; Novo-cromolyn; PMS-Sodium Cromoglycate. This reaction is very fast. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells. Sodium does not exist as an element in nature; its easily removed valence electron is too reactive. The electrolysis is carried out as a melt in a "Downs cell". In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted. Sodium (Na), chemical element of the alkali metal group (Group 1 [Ia]) of the periodic table. Sodium ions are found in the ocean. All syntheses require an electrolytic step as it is so difficult to add an electron to the poorly electronegative sodium ion Na+. Sodium Fluoride is an inorganic salt of fluoride used topically or in municipal water fluoridation systems to prevent dental caries. The common name would be ferrous nitrate. Prolonged sweating results in sodium ion loss in sweat and it is most important that the sodium ion is replaced through proper diet. Sodium is a Group 1 element (or IA in older labelling styles).