Turns out, there’s a big one: “Salt scrubs tend to boast larger particles that are grittier,” Dr. Kwan says. While sugar qualitatively resembles table salt (often confused in the kitchen), they two have distinctly different physical and chemical properties. If you look at them next to each other you can easily tell the difference. Salt is made up of sodium and chloride and is ionically bonded. Sugar crystals tend to be sparkling and clear. Salt and Sugar are common in these ways: Sugar and salt both have tiny see through shards and cubes. So what exactly is the difference between salt and sugar scrubs? “Sugar scrubs have smaller particles and tend to be gentler on the skin. They are also very different chemically. The color of salt and sugar crystals is also slightly different though they both look similar when viewed without a microscope. Salt and sugar can appear almost identical on casual inspection, both being white, crystalline solids. Even if you can When I rubbed my finger on the salt it just spread out and my finger was left clean. Sugar, on the other hand, is composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen and has covalent bonds. [They] are less drying and less abrasive than salt scrubs.” There are various types of sugar derived from different sources. Salt and sugar may look the same, but they obviously taste very different. Salt crystals are duller and have a sort of frosted or white color. The difference between salt and sugar, specifically sodium chloride and sucrose, the particular salt and sugar most often used by people, is in their elemental composition, the types of bonds that hold them together and the way they dissolve in water. Sugar has the chemical formulate C 12 H 22 O 11 and is constructed from different elements than salt: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.