Functionalism. Arguments and evidence for the view that religion is a barrier to social change . The diversity of religions across cultures. The works of Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Max Weber (1864-1920) emphasized the relationship between religion and the economic or social structure of society. - Relationship between religion and social change, religiously inspired movements in America - civil rights movement and the New Christian Right. The role of religions in transnationalism and globalization. What part religions play in cultural and social transformation. Parsons argued religions maintains social order: it promotes value consensus as many legal systems are based on religious morals. But increasingly this secularization thesis is being challenged on a number of fronts. Religious beliefs and practices, and why they change. The Big Picture Sociological theories of religion are mainly concerned with religion’s role for individuals and society. The relationship between religion and social change had been strongly debated in the past years, as more and more individuals have to a certain extent 'broken' away from the more traditional values shared in a once united society. The claim that modern societies are less religious than their predecessors because modernity itself undermines the plausibility of religion has been almost an orthodoxy. Religion, gender, and sexuality. The Relationships between Social Movements and Religion in Processes of Social Change 1 Summary This paper is intended to set the scene for comparative empirical research on the relationships between religion and movements for social change. Contemporary debates have centered on issues such as secularization, civil religion, and the cohesiveness of religion in the context of globalization and multiculturalism. Writers on religion tend to fall into on of two sides, ' those who see religion as a conservative force and those who see religion as a force for social change. Sociologists suggest that there is a relationship between religion and social change but there are two main arguments. How religions contribute to the maintenance of social order. American Civil Rights movement (Bruce - 2003) - began in 1955 led by Martin Luther king