Much like policy formulation, policy implementation is also an iterative process and may involve many stakeholders across agencies and governing bodies. A policy is adopted when Congress passes legislation, the regulations become final, or the Supreme Court renders a decision in a case. The implementation or carrying out of policy is most often accomplished by institutions other than those that formulated and adopted it. The public policy process is the manner in which public policy is formed, implemented and evaluated. The final stage of policy-making process involves an ongoing evaluation. One approach to thinking about public policy is to see it as the broad strategy government uses to do its job. More formally, it is the relatively stable set of purposive governmental actions that address matters of concern to some part of society. Public policy is said to be a combination of laws, regulations, actions, policies and a lot of other factors concerning a given topic.Such public policies of a nation are shaped over time by education, advocacy groups, influences of lobbyists, and conflicting interests of special interest groups.. Explaining clearly the importance of the relationship between theoretical and practical aspects of policy-making, the book gives a thorough overview of the people and organisations involved in the process. Some believe that the government only decides on public policy after a matter of months, but, in reality, public policy can take several years to enact. The public policy process is a multi-stage cycle. The process of public policy is a continuous one. Public Policy Defined. The process continues with adoption. The Public Policy Process is essential reading for anyone trying to understand the process by which public policy is made. Either public opinion or elite opinion expresses dissatisfaction with a status quo policy. The evaluation stage ensures polices are up to date and continue to reflect long-term business goals. One model of public policy formation is the four-step rational-comprehensive model. These six stages overlap each other, with additional mini-stages, in a process that never really ends. Implementation. The adoption of the policy is an important formality, representing a governing entity's commitment to enforcing the policy's tenets. This stage is especially vital, with policies that focus on complying with government regulations. There exists a constant need for verification and evaluation before the government can push a policy through. The Public Policy Process is essential reading for anyone trying to understand the process by which public policy is made. It provides a stimulating and accessible read that clarifies the complexities and diversities of a difficult subject. Problem Identification. 1. What is Public Policy?