There are two types of punishment, positive punishment and negative punishment. The best definition of punishment for dog training purposes is a behavioural one. Some examples of that kind of stimulus would be kicking the dog, jerking its collar, shocking it, or startling it with a loud noise. Positive Punishment: For example, giving a correction to make a behavior less likely to occur again. Positive punishment is an adverse event that occurs directly after the behavior. It gets added after the dog’s behavior, and that behavior decreases in the future. However, with positive punishment, it can be very difficult to get it right and it has been shown to be pretty ineffective for many dogs. POSITIVE PUNISHMENT. Positive Punishment vs. Something is added to the mix (spanking) to discourage a bad behavior (throwing a tantrum). Example: The dog sits, he gets a treat; dog is more likely to sit again, perhaps faster. The dog’s behavior makes something bad happen. Some trainers do use this form of punishment, but incorrect use is proven to be ineffective because it causes aggression and fear in the dog. Negative Punishment When I say the word “correct,” some may automatically think of something awful like hitting or slapping their dog. There are many methods and techniques for dog training around the world. On the other hand, removing restrictions from a child when she follows the rules is an example … A bold and energetic dog can learn to earn his resources without potentially dangerous dog/owner confrontations. Many will proceed by removing the dogs food. Another form of punishment occurs when a reward is removed as a consequence for a behavior. What is going on? Positive trainers use positive reinforcement a lot. For example, spanking a child when he throws a tantrum is an example of positive punishment. From the point of view of the dog, he was given (positive) food for barking, so in the future it is very likely that he will continue barking for food at the table (Reinforcement). One option is positive reinforcement, which allows your dog to understand and think about an activity or command in a positive way.. Dogs readily trust owners who communicate boundaries clearly and fairly. Resource guarding is very common, especially when it comes to food. For example, when a shock collar is used to enforce a recall, the dog is receiving an unpleasant stimulus which stops when he starts to respond to… Positive Reinforcement: For example, giving a treat to make a behavior more likely to occur again. If a dog starts growling when you go near its food bowl, positive punishment dictates that you take away a valued resource to combat the problem. Punishment in behavioural terms is something that diminishes behaviour. As a result, your dog is more likely to offer to sit again, so the behavior increases. Oddly enough, this type of discipline is called “positive punishment,” and, according to some studies , can tend to build aggression in a dog. After all, dog training is about changing behaviour. That is how we define it. When we are using positive reinforcement to train, we are adding a reward to reinforce the desired behavior. Punishment is a training technique used to reduce the likelihood of a behavior. Example scenario: using positive punishment to “solve” food guarding. A fearful dog, for example, can actually learn to relax and enjoy an improved quality of life without the trauma of positive punishment. And the way dogs behave is governed by the laws of behavioural science. For example, a dog barks at the dinner table begging for food, the owner gives the dog food. Negative reinforcement is the removal of an aversive stimulus when a desired behavior is performed. A dog receives a punishment directly after the undesired behavior. Negative Reinforcement: For example, a dog turning off a behavior which stops the negative thing from happening. In positive punishment (the addition case), the stimulus is undesirable in some way. What is punishment in dog training. Teaching your dog through positive reinforcement is simple: it consists of rewarding your dog with treats, strokes and loving words when it correctly carries out an order. All of the punishment techniques discussed above are forms of positive punishment, in which the application of an unpleasant stimulus decreases the chance that the pet will repeat the behavior.