Pileated Woodpecker Fun Facts . This special bone unique to woodpeckers wraps around their entire skull inside their heads and adds a sort of shock protection. Pileated Woodpecker Facts and Information Dryocopus pileatus Introduction. The pileated woodpecker is Iowa’s largest woodpecker with the length reaching around 40 to 49 cm (16 to 19 in) and weighs up to 250 to 400 g (8.8 to 14.1 oz) but the weight averages 300 g (11 oz). The sound of the pileated woodpecker's hammering carries a long distance through the woods where they live. The wingspan measures around 66 to 75 cm (26 to 30 in). When it flies, white flashes are visible under its wings. 17 interesting facts about woodpeckers 1. This woodpecker’s body is black with white stripes along the neck up to the head. They can also be found in younger forests that have dead trees or a ready supply of decaying wood. The pileated woodpecker is one of the largest woodpecker species in North America and its look is unmistakable—a large black bird with white on each side of its neck and a red crest on its head. Excavating deep into rotten wood to get at the nests of carpenter ants, the Pileated leaves characteristic rectangular holes in dead trees. Recently, though, … All of these birds have zygodactyl feet, with two toes facing forward and two toes facing backward. Pileated Woodpecker Facts. It has red hair that is long on top of the head so it is easy to identify. The Pileated Woodpecker is one of the biggest, most striking forest birds on the continent. The pileated woodpecker is known for the bright red crests on its head. Pileated Woodpeckers live in mature woodlands of nearly every type. This protects them from “headaches” or injuring themselves when they are repeatedly smashing their heads … It’s nearly the size of a crow, black with bold white stripes down the neck and a flaming-red crest. Interesting Facts About the Woodpecker. Woodpeckers come in a wide range of colors, but there are some similarities between species as well. If you are familiar with the delightful cartoon character Woody Woodpecker then you have an idea of the Pileated Woodpecker. Woodpeckers have a special bone in their head called the hyoid bone. A big, dashing bird with a flaming crest, the largest woodpecker in North America (except the Ivory-bill, which is almost certainly extinct). Woodpeckers don’t get headaches . Anatomy . Look (and listen) for Pileated Woodpeckers whacking at dead trees and fallen logs in search of their main prey, carpenter ants, leaving unique rectangular holes in the wood. Though their feathers may be black, white, brown, or tan, many have red accent feathers on the tops of their heads. Woodpeckers do not eat the bark of trees; they peck at it and remove it to find beetle larvae and other insects underneath. Also known as Dryocopus pileatus, the Pileated Woodpecker would have been a much more common sight just a few hundred years ago, when this bird enjoyed abundant access to heavily forested areas throughout the eastern United States. Pileated Woodpeckers can also be found in suburban areas with large trees and patches of forest. Some woodpeckers have tongues with barbs, which can spear prey. However, in the 18th and 19th century, large swaths of wood clearing contributed to the sharp reduction of Pileated Woodpecker populations. They have a long neck that has thick stripes of black and white on it. Fun Facts.