A family’s perspective on education will greatly impact on how they evaluate past experiences and potential options. In the United States, schools also fill the role of preparing students for competition in life. This socialization also involves learning the rules and norms of the society as a whole. This story illustrates a growing concern referred to as grade inflation—a term used to describe the observation that the correspondence between letter grades and the achievements they reflect has been changing (in a downward direction) over time. 2006. Ten years ago, when culling résumés for an entry-level copywriter, they were well assured that if they selected a grad with a GPA of 3.7 or higher, they’d have someone with the writing skills to contribute to the workplace on day one. These characteristics are rarely associated with children who attend traditional schools, though I have developed these attributes by going to a progressive school. Control Behavior perspectives utilize conditioning techniques to cultivate socially beneficial behaviors and learning. Their mission is to ensure that students, teachers, and schools are evaluated fairly. These tests, to conflict theorists, are another way in which education does not provide opportunities, but instead maintains an established configuration of power. Functionalists believe that education equips people to perform different functional roles in society. Functionalists recognize other ways that schools educate and enculturate students. As this story shows, many students from working-class families have to contend with helping out at home, contributing financially to the family, poor study environments and a lack of support from their families. This is easily seen in the educational setting, as teachers and more powerful social groups within the school dole out labels that are adopted by the entire school population. Similar trends are seen among salaries of professionals in virtually all industries. While it is clear that education plays an integral role in individuals’ lives as well as society as a whole, sociologists view that role from many diverse points of view. Students of low socioeconomic status are generally not afforded the same opportunities as students of higher status, no matter how great their academic ability or desire to learn. UNESCO. Almost two-thirds of the world’s 862 million illiterate people are women, and the illiteracy rate among women is expected to increase in many regions, especially in several African and Asian countries (UNESCO 2005; World Bank 2007). Education also provides one of the major methods used by people for upward social mobility. Students make more educational decisions. Indeed, it seems that schools have taken on this responsibility in full. One of the roles of schools is to teach students conformity to law and respect for authority. Rather, they believe that the educational system reinforces and perpetuates social inequalities that arise from differences in class, gender, race, and ethnicity. A family living internationally may have more educational choices than in their home country and will need to consider the underlying perspective on education for any school they are considering. In any case, the issue is hotly debated, with many being called upon to conduct research to help us better understand and respond to this trend (National Public Radio 2004; Mansfield 2005). Many families haven’t considered theories of learning because these philosophies are deeply ingrained in their home culture or highly controlled by their government. The education system reinforces conformity and … Feminist theory aims to understand the mechanisms and roots of gender inequality in education, as well as their societal repercussions. Why is this happening? Which sociological theory best describes your view of education? They also lack a computer and printer at home, which most of his classmates have, so they have to rely on the public library or school system for access to technology. But it would be unwise to press this too hard. For example, low standardized test scores or poor performance in a particular class often lead to a student who is labeled as a low achiever. http://openstaxcollege.org/l/education_next, The National Center for Fair & Open Testing (FairTest) is committed to ending the bias and other flaws seen in standardized testing. World Development Report. Symbolic interactionists study the dynamics of the classroom, the interactions between students and teachers, and how those affect everyday life. In fact, it wasn’t until the establishment of Title IX of the Education Amendments in 1972 that discriminating on the basis of sex in U.S. education programs became illegal. Explain why. Schools also fill the role of teaching patriotism. The labeling with which symbolic interactionists concern themselves extends to the very degrees that symbolize completion of education.