The aorist simply indicates the completion of an action, the perfect indicates a state resulting from the completion of an action. In contrast the perfect-verb sentence: To imply that the action took place just once or suddenly in the past. Here's an example of what @cnread has said: This Q helps with the, more recent, "acta est fabula, plaudite". If a main clause with a perfect form has a subordinate clause with a subjunctive form, the subjunctive follows so-called secondary sequence for the aorisitic use (therefore, the subjunctive is either imperf. If the above holds true, how would one go about distinguishing between an aoristic use of the perfect, or a perfective use of the perfect? 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Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. How are you faring with the truncated word-fragments? site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Does the perfect “faxit” have an optative sense? For example, the imperfect-verb sentence: to imply that the event was ongoing. Does Latin distinguish between the aorist and perfect at all via any means other than inflection, specifically in the perfect? How to prevent accidentally dragging vertex on selection? or perf.). rev 2020.11.24.38066, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Latin Language Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us. What does PIE stand for....passive indirect example?? I drank too much wine (and it's over now) because I was sad. @tony Ah, that's my bad, it's not a universally-used abbreviation. Concerning the meanings of the aorist and perfect in general, I understand the differences. It usually marks the first shift in having to learn new personal endings for a tense as the present, imperfect, and future share most of the same inflections. Can you have a Clarketech artifact that you can replicate but cannot comprehend? The meaning of Latin verbs must often be transmitted to the reader or listener with only one word. Only a clear understanding of inflections will identify any of the six tenses. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. Using an auxiliary word, the present perfect tense distinguishes itself from the simple past tense, which requires only one word to indicate the past action.