Sexual size difference, the female is larger than the male. The prairie falcon, aplomado falcon, red-footed falcon, collared-forest falcon and gyrfalcon are also part of the large falcon family. Peregrine Falcons on the Orange River had the broadest feeding niche and preyed mainly on 'commuter' species rather than sedentary residents. Before they eat they will pluck the prey item. Diet of the Peregrine Falcon. Birds as large as sandhill cranes, and as small as hummingbirds, have been consumed by falcons. To enable the bird to breathe at this speed, it has special baffles in its nostrils, which control breathing. It spots the prey at distance and, once positioned correctly, it stoops at speeds of up to 180 kph for the catch. The majority of their prey is birds which make up 70-90% of their diet. Their typical prey items include shorebirds, ducks, grebes, gulls, pigeons, and songbirds. A peregrines diet The peregrine feeds primarily on birds, which it catches in flight. Of the many species of falcons, the peregrine falcon is the most commonly known. They are estimated to eat 1/5th of the world’s bird’s species. Some of their most common prey species are doves, pigeons, ducks, songbirds, and shorebirds. A species of falcon with a heavy powerfully built body, medium length tail and wings which are broad close to the body and pointed at the tip. Male and female plumages are the same, unlike Merlins, the species most likely to be confused with Peregrine. summer diet of the peregrine falcon in faunistically rich and poor zones of arizona analyzed with capture-recapture modeling david h. ellis~j~, catherine h. ell is^, beth ann sab03, amadeo m. rea4, james dawson~, james k. fackler~, charles t. la rue^, teryl g. grubb~, john schmitt~, dwight g. … Cape Peninsula Peregrine Falcons had the least diverse diet, the narrowest feeding niche and they took the largest proportion of juvenile birds. Typical Diet. he diet of Peregrine Falcons Falco pere-grinus in the UK is best known from the analysis of prey remains collected from nest-sites in habitats such as sea cliffs, moor-land, upland crags and lowland quarries (Rat-cliffe 1993), but little has been published on the diet of Peregrines in urban areas. Diet. Peregrine falcons are carnivores. These falcons prey mainly on medium-sized birds. They consume a variety of species—about 450 North American species have been documented as prey, and the number worldwide may be as many as 2,000. The Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus), also known as the Peregrine, and historically as the duck hawk in North America, is a widespread bird of prey (raptor) in the family Falconidae. One falcon was observed taking down a 3.1kg (6.8lb) Sandhill crane. Diet. The rest is fulfilled by small mammals such as bats and rodents, reptiles, insects and fish. Most of the birds they capture range in size from under an ounce to two and a half pounds, but they have been known to hunt prey up to six pounds.! Peregrine falcons eat mostly other birds. There are 13 species of kestrels as well, and along with the Merlin, they make up the smallest members of these raptors.