Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. However, the date of retrieval is often important.  However, by the mid 8th century much of the kingdom, including London, had fallen to Mercia and the rump of Essex, roughly the modern county, was now subordinate to the same. ." Wessex, also known as the Kingdom of the West Saxons, was a large and influential Anglo-Saxon kingdom from 519 to 927AD. , The kingdom reconverted to Christianity under Sigeberht II the Good following a mission by St Cedd who established monasteries at Tilaburg (probably East Tilbury, but possibly West Tilbury) and Ithancester (almost certainly Bradwell-on-Sea). He converted in 662, but died in 664. , The dates, names and achievements of the Essex kings, like those of most early rulers in the Heptarchy, remain conjectural. Finds included gold foil crosses, suggesting the occupant was Christian.  At times during the history of the kingdom several sub-kings within Essex appear to have been able to rule simultaneously . Encyclopedia.com. It was founded in the 6th century and covered the territory later occupied by the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire, Middlesex and (for a short while) Kent. Royal Family Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. by two brothers of Jutish origin, Hengist and Horsa, who c…, Bernicia, kingdom of Bede describes Sigehere and Sæbbi as "rulers … under Wulfhere, king of the Mercians". Essex, kingdom of. Kent was founded, according to tradition, in the middle of the 5th cent. This may have been the result of opposition to Kentish influence in Essex affairs rather than being specifically anti-Christian. For a brief period in the 8th century the kingdom encompassed the Kentish Kingdom to the South. Northumbria, kingdom of. Essex reverted to Paganism again in 660 with the ascension of the Pagan King Swithelm of Essex. Kingdom is the highest category in the hierarchical classification of organisms created by Carolus Linnaeus around 1750. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/essex-kingdom. Essex was founded in the 6th century. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. The last king of Essex was Sigered and in 825, he ceded the kingdom to Egbert of Wessex.  For most of the kingdom's existence, the Essex king was subservient to an overlord - variously the kings of Kent, Anglia or Mercia. It was Æthelberht, and not Sæberht, who built and endowed St. Pauls in London, where St. Paul’s Cathedral now stands. They may have exercised authority over different parts of the kingdom. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. (October 16, 2020). Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The kingdom of Essex produced relatively few Anglo-Saxon Charters and no version of the Anglo-Saxon chronicle. JOHN CANNON "Essex, kingdom of A royal tomb at Prittlewell was discovered and excavated in 2003. ."  According to British legend (see: Historia Brittonum) the territory known later as Essex was ceded by the Britons to the Saxons following the infamous Brad y Cyllyll Hirion event which occurred c.460AD during the reign of High-King Vortigern. Amongst these variations are the preference between þ and ð (both "th" - voiced or unvoiced depending on adjacent letters). The era pre-dates the emergence of forms of writing accepted today, notably minuscule, and the letters 'W' and 'U'. From the middle of the 6th cent. There was probably already a Saxon population in the area from the late fourth century; the descendants of Roman foederati. Wine (in 666) and Erkenwald (in 675) were appointed bishops of London with spiritual authority over the East Saxon Kingdom. The kingdom was bounded to the north by the River Stour and Kingdom of East Anglia, to the south by the River Thames and Kent, to the east lay the North Sea and to the west Mercia. Unfortunately the surviving copy is somewhat mutilated. Essex, administrative, geographic, and historic county of eastern England. The Oxford Companion to British History. Essex was formed in the 6th cent. There are a number of suggestions for the location of these sub-kingdoms including: Essex emerged as a single kingdom during the 6th century.