Methane comes from, among other things, the decomposition of organic matter. It leaks to the atmosphere from wells and pipelines, contributing to climate change and reducing the climate benefit of using natural gas. Management requires measurement, and this international, cross-jurisdictional challenge requires active coordination across many groups, including industry, environmental organizations, academics, national and subnational governments, and public health and safety agencies. Even though methane slip is generally a small percentage of the fuel used, in operations that use a significant amount of energy, methane slip can be a major source of emissions. The Trump administration has slammed the brakes on regulating fugitive methane emissions, but it cannot wish the problem away. Director, Climate & Energy Program, Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Duke University, Assistant Professor of Energy, Resources and Environment and Canadian Studies, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University. Scientists from industry, nongovernment organizations and universities can work together to share data and analyze emissions profiles at oil and gas sites, so long as their research is truly independent and peer-reviewed. Our framework presents a path for integrating science and policy and addressing this uncertain challenge to move North America toward a lower carbon future. Young calves produce no milk but still contribute methane gases. Prof Christophe Fraser & Prof Oliver Pybus in conversation: "21st century technologies for tackling 21st century pandemics”, PONToon Virtual Symposium: Digital Innovation and Female Empowerment, Life with the coronavirus vaccine: a look ahead, Prof Julian Savulescu and Dr Samantha Vanderslott in conversation: "Mandatory COVID-19 vaccination: the arguments for and against", Writing and righting: a discussion about the importance of writing, literature and human rights, Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, establishing transparency as an international norm. And only California conducts atmospheric monitoring statewide to track top-down methane trends. Plugging methane leaks is no simple task. Despite huge advances, large gaps in methane emissions inventories remain. Detecting and managing these “super-emitters” is an undeveloped area of research, but … More natural gas is also entering the power sectors in Mexico and Canada. In 2016 U.S., Canadian and Mexican leaders pledged to reduce methane emissions from the oil and natural gas sector 40 to 45 percent below 2012 levels by 2025. Reduction of methane emissions through feed additives, such as fats and oils, can reduce methane production by about 18% and offer energy and protein to the animal. But even though much of the science is still uncertain, and the Trump administration is retreating from regulating methane leaks, we believe it is still possible and necessary to make progress on reducing methane emissions. About half of that is due to efficiency gains and growing electricity generation from natural gas. Sarah Marie Jordaan worked for Shell Canada as a summer co-op student in 2006 and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) as a project manager in 2012-2013. This approach can bridge the divide between science and policy, and drive new research that in turn can support better policies when governments are ready to act. This approach recognizes that policymaking cannot always wait for completion of scientific research – but it can be informed by the latest developments and can facilitate new research. Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. ; Leisure Air TravelTake fewer and longer vacations that are far away, and more frequent and driveable “staycations” closer to home. This work is designed to improve government emissions inventories and inform mitigation policies, and is distinct from advocating for specific policy outcomes. And there are unexplained differences between facility-level estimates of methane coming out of leaky valves and pipes on one hand, and measurements of methane in the atmosphere near oil and gas facilities. Regional studies have found that up to 90 percent of emissions come from a small number of sources that leak large amounts of methane into the atmosphere. This suggests a need for regulation. Dietary factors such as type of carbohydrate, fat inclusion, processing of forages and level of feed intake has been shown to influence methane emission in cattle. The magnitude of leaks from oil and gas infrastructure remains disputed and insufficiently measured. Natural gas is projected to produce a growing share of U.S. electricity in the coming decades. The Conversation UK receives funding from these organisations. — Although natural gas is produced in 32 U.S. states, only a handful require energy companies to conduct bottom-up monitoring and repair leaks. Landfills actively produce methane. Reducing Methane Emissions. Similar partnerships have helped to drive solutions to other problems during national leadership voids. Reduce Your Carbon Emissions From Air Travel. Despite huge advances, large gaps in methane emissions inventories remain. Online, London, City of, Prof Julian Savulescu and Dr Samantha Vanderslott in conversation: "Mandatory COVID-19 vaccination: the arguments for and against" While its impacts vary from country to country, the initiative has been credited with establishing transparency as an international norm and promoting dialogue between governments, businesses and nongovernment organizations. State agencies can agree to harmonize reporting standards in order to facilitate research by scientists in all sectors. All energy sources have an environmental effect; from the space they take up to emissions produced throughout their life-cycle.As an example, there is some methane released during natural gas development. The webinar showed that over the last decade significant steps had been taken. What common gas has an extremely high global warming potential (a rating of how strongly a molecule behaves as a greenhouse gas) and continues to increase each year? Why trust us? Regional studieshave found that up to 90 percent of emissions come from a small number of sources that leak large amounts of methane into the atmosphere. To reduce methane emissions in the energy industry, ... Commissioner for Energy Kadri Simson said: “We have adopted today our first strategy to tackle methane emissions since 1996. He told VOA, “If we can reduce methane emissions, then we can rapidly reduce the effect on climate change." But methane is also a greenhouse gas, with a global warming potential (per molecule) that's 25 times higher than carbon dioxide. She received a research grant from EPRI in a previous position at the University of Calgary. Natural gas has become a competitive choice for electricity generation, edging out coal. In a newly published synthesis article, we propose a North American Methane Reduction Framework to coordinate regulations, voluntary industry actions and scientific developments in methane estimation and mitigation. There are precedents for this kind of collaboration. Using a cow into its later years means the total number of cows is fewer leading to less methane in the atmosphere.