She currently works as a writer and copy editor. Berries harvested after late summer or early fall are often bitter with an acidic flavor. With four seasons of interest, Viburnum trilobum 'Redwing' (American Cranberrybush) is a lovely addition to the landscape. highbush cranberry see more; Family Adoxaceae Name Status Synonym Plant range N America Get involved. americanum), which is also known as the highbush cranberry. Quick Links: FAQs || Plant Description || Insect PestsSome Other Common Names: American cranberrybush, guelder rose, dog rowan, *European cranberry tree, marsh alder, rose elder, red elder, water elder, dog elder, gatten tree, whitten tree, ople tree, snowball tree, crampbark Signs of disease are cankers, slimy spots in the bark or wood, or dead or dying leaves. Highbush Cranberry, also known as American Cranberry, is grown for its bright red berries that can be used to make jellies and sauces. All Rights Reserved. This will encourage healthy new growth. This may result in few or no flowers and fruit in the current season, but it will promote new vigorous growth. This can be done anytime of year. americanum Aiton was formerly known as Viburnum trilobum. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Prune an American cranberrybush just before the buds swell in late winter or early spring, or wait to prune it immediately after flowering. Fertilize before new growth begins in spring. Cut limbs smaller than 1/2 inch in diameter with hand pruners. Highbush cranberries (also known as American cranberrybush) are in the same family as elderberries. American cranberrybush makes an excellent specimen plant, and several can be grown as an effective hedge. Pruning Cranberry Viburnum. Prune branches back to the base of the shrub or to the stems from where they originate. Melody Lee holds a degree in landscape design, is a Florida Master Gardener, and has more than 30 years of gardening experience. Highbush Cranberry - Viburnum trilobum - Zone 3 Highbush cranberry is a medium size deciduous shrub in the same family as elderberry that produces clusters of small red edible berries similar in appearance and taste to cranberries. The flowers are produced on the current season’s growth, so Highbush Cranberries should be pruned in early spring before new growth appears. In spring, this densely branched, deciduous shrub produces showy, lacy, white flowers in flat cymes of tiny fertile florets surrounded by an outer ring of larger sterile florets. Use the correct pruning tool to prune back long or wayward limbs, or ones that extend into passageways. You can prune more branches the next year. Prune them back flush to base of the shrub. Renewal pruning consists of the removal of the oldest and thickest branches of a shrub. It can be done anytime of year. Berries harvested after late summer or early fall are often bitter with an acidic flavor. Do not prune more than one-third of the bush at this time. Prune out broken, dead or diseased limbs with the proper pruning tool. Now there is room for new, productive branches to grow. They are elegantly held above the red-blushed leaves. Shape and thin as needed but, keep in mind that you are removing this autumn's fruit. How to Prune Viburnum Trilobum. Destroy diseased and dead trimmings. It's current Latin name, Viburnum opulus L. var. Don't prune anything but diseased, dead or damaged branches for one full year. Edible Cranberry Presents Healthy and Delicious Fruit There's a lot to like about this flowering edible shrub. Other Names: Highbush Cranberrybush Description: A very attractive garden detail shrub which is covered in clusters of pure white pinwheel flowers in spring; red fruit and red fall color on golden stems; denser and more compact than the species; hardy and adaptable, makes a great natural low hedge Native to North America, this sizeable ornamental sports dense upright branches that grow into a full mounded form. You do not need to wait to do this type of pruning. Friends(of(the(ArboretumNative(Plant(Sale(!! We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. The size and color of the fruit are the only thing this species shares in common with commercial cranberries, Vaccinium macrocarpon. One is the European cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus), and the other is the American cranberrybush (Viburnum opulus var. Her previous jobs include reporter, photographer and editor for a weekly newspaper. Water deeply and regularly during the first growing season to establish an extensive root system. Use lopping shears for limbs up to 1 inch and a pruning saw for larger limbs. The highbush cranberry is in the plant family that includes honeysuckles and the lowbush cranberry is in the plant family that includes blueberries. When American cranberrybush is left unpruned, it can reach up to 15 feet tall and 12 feet wide. If so, when? The flowers are produced on the current season’s growth, so Highbush Cranberries should be pruned in early spring before new growth appears. Prune plants to improve structure, control their size, stimulate new growth or eliminate damaged or diseased branches. Remove broken, insect-infested or diseased branches back to the parent stems. Missouri Botanical Garden: Viburnum Opulus var. Melissa Lewis is a former elementary classroom teacher and media specialist. The berries soften and sweeten over winter, and are eaten by Cedar Waxwing and other birds. Should I prune my dwarf cranberrybush viburnum? Tolerant of a wide range of soils; prefers average, loamy, well-drained soil with consistent moisture. Viburnum, includes Highbush Cranberry (Opulus and Sub S. Triloba), Nannyberry, Blackhaw, Doublefile, Korean Spice, Juddi, Arrowwood and Wayfaring Tree. They are excellent ornamental plants with year round appeal. Highbush Cranberries are large rounded shrubs that grow up to 15 feet tall. Highbush Cranberry, also known as American Cranberry, is grown for its bright red berries that can be used to make jellies and sauces. Highbush Cranberry blooms in spring with white clusters of tiny florets, surrounded by larger florets. If this is not needed, then you don't need to prune. Highbush cranberry is not a true cranberry, but a member of the honeysuckle family with edible fruit. Examine the shrub to gauge whether or not if it is overgrown and to look for the oldest, most unproductive canes. The deciduous American Cranberry bush is hardy, maintenance-free, adaptable, and it adds attractive year-round interest to your landscape. Remove up to 1/3 of the oldest branches at ground level with the appropriate pruning tool. Viburnum trilobum -- commonly called American cranberrybush -- is one of those shrubs that has it all. Prune the branches right at ground level. Like lacecap hydrangeas, the flower clusters have a center made up of small fertile flowers, surrounded by a ring of large, sterile flowers. Highbush cranberry does not need annual pruning like some shrubs, but if you want to get the most fruit off of your plants light renewal pruning is a good idea. Prune out broken, dead or diseased limbs with the proper pruning tool. Rejuvenate older non-productive or straggly plants by cutting all limbs and branches back to within 6 inches of the ground with the appropriate pruning tools. Highbush cranberry is also known as the American cranberrybush, guelder rose, and dog rowan is an easy to identify shrub, especially in the winter months.