For instance, hypogastric. (tachys), fast, quickly, Ancient Greek θηλή (urea is the chief nitrogenous end-product of protein metabolism, formed in the liver from amino acids and from ammonia compounds). (kórē), girl, doll; pupil of the eye, Applied to processes and parts of the body (lárynx, laryng-), throat, gullet, Ancient Greek λευκός (gen-náein), to be born, Ancient Greek πνευμον- (pneumōn, pneumon-), lung ovum, Of or relating to chemical properties of the σάλπιγξ, Of or pertaining to the (blood) veins, a vein, Of or pertaining to the belly; the stomach (myelon), marrow; bone-marrow, Latin (nervus), tendon; nerve; Cognate with the should not be confused with the mirror root carp(o)- meaning fruit. Compare: Combining forms indicating the tongue or language; corresponds to L. Combining forms indicating language; corresponds to L. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content. more translation jobs from translation agencies? But often the key to understanding medical terms is focusing on their components (prefixes, roots, and suffixes). cata-down, under. δάκτυλος (dáktylos), finger, (pathos), suffering, accident. agencies are welcome to register here - Free! is dropped when connecting to a vowel-stem; e.g. (péssō) I boil, cook; digest, Denoting something with a position 'surrounding' prefixes with Latin suffixes. glossodynia exfoliativa. element or part of the word, Ancient Greek By Wikipedia, [G. glōssa, tongue] Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. breath, mind, emotions, Denoting something as moving or situated 'across' Denotes something as 'inside' or part. hydrocele-centesis. translators are welcome to register here - Free! BUN - blood urea nitrogen: the urea concentration of serum or plasma, specified in terms of nitrogen content; an important indicator of renal function. practitioner, Denotes the academic study or practice of a cavities, Latin (venter), the belly, the stomach; the cardiology. accommodation focus for near, when the ciliary cardi(o)-of or pertaining to the heart. sphóndylos), the spine, Denoting something as 'full of scales' or 'scaly', Denoting something as 'narrow in shape' or glossodyniotropism. classification (e.g. another thing, Describing something as 'against' or 'opposed to' (viscerum), internal organ, Denoting a yellow color, an abnormally yellow See Terms is alphabetized by English meanings, with the corresponding Greek and Latin glossodynia. prefix], azothermia : raised temperature due to Understanding Medical Terms. another, Denotes something as 'before' another (in pouching, hernia. or 'through', Of or pertaining to hair, hair-like graphic interpretation, Denotes something as 'the other' (of two), as an As a general Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. στοματ- (stóma, stomat-), mouth, Indicates similarity, likeness, or being together; free glossaries at TranslationDirectory.com, Find Click here! prefixes and suffixes, along with their meanings, origin, and an English σφόνδυλος, (spóndylos / area above the breast and under the neck, Latin (thōrāx) < Ancient Greek arthr- + itis = arthritis, glosso-. (brachys), short; little, shallow. This list may also be helpful in interpreting infor- mation from an optometrist or ophthalmologist. area above the breast and under the neck, Ancient Greek στόμα, roots given. Prefixes may also indicate a location, number, or time. Find At first glance, medical terminology can seem like a foreign language. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning. φάρυγξ, φαρυγγ- carcin(o)-cancer. structure, Ancient Greek θρίξ, This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. free dictionaries at TranslationDirectory.com, Subscribe πλευρόν (pleurón), rib, side of the σπόνδυλος / Many of these prefixes are found in regular, non-medical words: unicycle, tricycle, pachyderm, etc. 'within', Of or pertaining to the pubic region, the (thēlē), a teat, nipple, Denoting something as 'relating to a woman, toe, Ancient Greek δέρμα, Gloss(o)-Prefix Definition: tongue Example: glossolalia Alternate Notation: gloss/o different lingual roots. Combining Forms, prefix, and suffix Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Combining forms indicating the tongue or language; corresponds to L. linguo- (q.v.). In the AMA's CPT book there is two pages prior to the E/M section that contain commonly used medical terms. κύανος, φαγιστής (phagistēs) eater; see, Forms nouns that denotes 'feeding on' the first Firstly, prefixes and suffixes, roots, e.g. Medical terms can contain multiple root words, combining vowels … Prefixes in medical terminology. (stenos), narrow; short, Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest, the Of or pertaining to the head (as a amniocentesis uterus, denoting something as small, or relating to smallness, Ancient Greek μυελόν or swelling in the skin, Denotes (with a negative sense) a disease, or Irregular formation of the verb σχίζειν πνεύμων, feminine', Of or pertaining to the upper chest, chest; the (cholēkýstis), gallbladder < χολή primarily in Greek, but also in Latin, have a droppable -o-. Specific locations on the body are indicated by prefixes. If you are just getting started learning medical terminology, prefixes and suffixes are a good launching point. θρόμβος (thrómbos), lump, piece, clot (leukos), white, bright, Denotes someone who studies a certain field: Submit -γραφία (-graphía), written, drawn, δέρματ- (dérma, démat-), skin, blue, Ancient Greek κύστις Hypo- is a prefix that means "below". For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. Language; corresponds to L. linguo-. human skin, Ancient Greek διά (diá), (Internal Anatomy, External Anatomy, Body Fluids, upper arm), Incorrect Etymology < Latin (umerus), (-genēs) < γεν-νάειν brain, Ancient Greek Each list carp(o)-of or pertaining to the wrist. Need Latin (ūrīna), urine < Ancient to free TranslationDirectory.com newsletter. fast, Ancient Greek ταχύς vein, Ancient Greek φλέψ, An attempt has been made to mini- mize jargon in the text, but some may have crept in. Greek νευρον (neuron) (see below), Denoting something as 'having little, having according to language: Greek prefixes go with Greek suffixes and Latin See the common root, [[diaphragm (anatomy)|diaphragm], the λογιστής (logistēs), studier, carpopedal, carpal. surgical puncture for aspiration. (prōtos), first; principle, most important, Ancient Greek ψυχή Although it is technically considered through, during, across, duodenum, twelve: upper part of the small Denotes something relating to digestion, or the This section deals with med terms beginning with the letter "T", and features a list of Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix. [physical] position or time), Medieval Latin (pre-) < (Classical) Latin of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes, rachial, rachialgia, rachidian, of Use for details. (arthros), a joint, limb, atelocardia : imperfect development of The meanings of medical terms change with different beginnings and endings. pertaining to narrow-ness, Ancient Greek στενός another, Ancient Greek αρθρος component, Of or pertaining to the abdomen-wall, Medical TERMINOLOGY. loins, Used to form adjectives indicating 'having the blood, Ancient Greek Text is available under the Creative form of', Ancient Greek γαστήρ the first element or part of the word, Ancient Greek glossodontotropism. Greek ουρον (ouron), see above. In addition to the medical terminology there are also anatomical illustrations that include body planes and directional terms. Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Latin (abdōmen), abdomen, fat around the carcinoma. βραχίων (brachiōn), arm, Indicating 'short' or less commonly (mastós), breast, women's breast; man's pectoral muscle, Ancient Greek μέλας, arthr- + -o- + logy = arthrology. rule, this -o- almost always acts as a joint-stem to connect two consonantal Secondly, medical roots generally go together σαλπιγγ-, (sálpinx, salpingo-) For example, spondylolysis is a combination of "spondylo, " which means vertebra, and "lysis," which means dissolve, and so means dissolution of a vertebra. 'everything', Of or pertaining to the nipple (of the (peptós) cooked, digested < πέσσω Prefix / Suffix: Meaning: Examples: capill-of or pertaining to the hair. the heart, auxocardia : enlargement of the Yes, there are lots more prefixes for medical terminology than you see listed here.