Popular herbal and cosmetic products named "calendula" invariably derive from C. officinalis. Some flower with single rows of petals, while others have fluffy double blooms. If you have yet to find your favorite French marigold, don't worry. [8][9], Calendula oil is still used medicinally. French marigold varieties tend to be smaller than American/African varieties. (2006). Calendula (/ k ə ˈ l ɛ n dj uː l ə /) is a genus of about 15–20 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae that are often known as marigolds. The 1-to 4-inch flowers may appear rounded, tufted, or shaggy in shades of … Other plants are also known as marigolds, such as corn marigold, desert marigold, marsh marigold, and plants of the genus Tagetes. The French marigold is generally around or under 1 foot tall with flowers that are about 2 inches across. As late as the 17th century Nicholas Culpeper claimed calendula benefited the heart, but it wasn't considered an especially efficacious medicine. I can’t figure out the species, however. Calendula flowers are sacred flowers in India and have been used to decorate the statues of Hindu deities since early times. The flowers rarely grow larger than 2 inches in diameter but come in a wide range of colors. [6], However, the most common use in historic times was culinary, and the plant was used for both its color and its flavor. Name – Tagetes Family – Asteraceae Type – annual. A unique French Marigold derived from a breeding breakthrough which has produced multi-coloured blooms with some “never seen before” flowers that are almost pink in colour. Origin / Native : Mexico, America, Africa. Flowers are typically found in warm shades of oranges, yellows, reds. Highly weather tolerant, the colours of the flowers change as the plants age. French Marigolds (T. patula) ‘Little Hero’ Series: 7” tall plants with large, double carnation flowers in 7 color combinations of maroon, orange, and yellow. Marigolds are a member of the tagetes genus and have large, bulging flowerheads ranging in color from yellow to red. The oil of C. officinalis is used as an anti-inflammatory and a remedy for healing wounds. [5], The petals are edible and can be used fresh in salads or dried and used to color cheese or as a substitute for saffron. They were used for dumplings, wine, oatmeal and puddings. Types of Marigolds. Bashir S, Janbaz KH, Jabeen Q et al. Height – 8 to 36 inches (20 to 90 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. According to John Gerard, every proper soup of Dutch cuisine in his era would include calendula petals. French marigold, which is actually native to Latin America, comes in multiple varieties and as many shapes and colors.. A Mysterious Perennial Marigold. Famous French-Marigold Firsts. The genus name Calendula is a modern Latin diminutive of calendae, meaning "little calendar", "little clock" or possibly "little weather-glass". Flowers are sold in the market as loose or as garlands. The First Marigold Hybrid. [3]:771 They are native to southwestern Asia, western Europe, Macaronesia, and the Mediterranean. Evidence-based skin care management in radiation therapy. Calendula (/ k ə ˈ l ɛ n dj uː l ə /) is a genus of about 15–20 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae that are often known as marigolds. [5], Romans and Greeks used the golden calendula in many rituals and ceremonies, sometimes wearing crowns or garlands made from the flowers. I don't think they would winter over, though, in most of the US. One 16th-century potion containing calendula claimed to reveal fairies. McQuestion, M. (2006). by David The Good April 7, 2016 January 16, 2017. written by David The Good April 7, 2016 January 16, 2017. [4] The common name "marigold"[4] refers to the Virgin Mary. (2006). An unmarried woman with two suitors would take a blend of powdered calendula, marjoram, wormwood and thyme simmered in honey and white wine used as an ointment in a ritual to reveal her true match. The African marigold varieties can grow up to 3 feet tall and have flowers that are 3 1/2 inches across. In English cuisine calendula were often cooked in the same pot with spinach, or used to flavor stewed birds. It is a cheerful flower bed plant and can also be an excellent addition to a vegetable garden. Limited evidence indicates Calendula cream or ointment is effective in treating radiation dermatitis. French Marigold (Red) Plant Description for French Marigold (Red) Plant height: 14 - 22 inches (35 - 56 cm) Plant spread: In India marigold is one of the most commonly grown flowers and used extensively on religious and social functions in different forms. [13], Calendula plants are known to cause allergic reactions,[19][20] and should be avoided during pregnancy. (2006). Calendula (/kəˈlɛndjuːlə/)[1] is a genus of about 15–20 species[2] of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae that are often known as marigolds. [19], C. officinalis from Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, by Thomé, 1885, For a former name of a genus of larks, see, Ukiya, M., et al. [18] An aqueous extract of C. officinalis obtained by a novel extraction method has demonstrated antitumor (cytotoxic) activity and immunomodulatory properties (lymphocyte activation) in vitro, as well as antitumor activity in mice. This is a plant with affirmed, striking flowers thanks to their size of course, but also thanks to the stark powerful colors that mark a contrast with their green leaves or those of other plants in your garden. Grower Information : Seed supplied as: Coated, De-tailed. French marigolds are an easy to grow annual that will bloom brightly all summer long. Planting French Marigold Seeds. [15], Calendula has been used traditionally for abdominal cramps and constipation. Triploids can grow a little taller than 1 foot high and have flowers about 2 inches across. [16][17] Topical application of C. officinalis ointment has helped to prevent dermatitis and pain; thus reducing the incidence rate of skipped radiation treatments in randomized trials. The French marigold is generally around or under 1 … [5], In historic times calendula was more often used for magical purposes than medicinal ones. Flamenco is in line with the Bonanza series for habit; flowering time is a few days later. Flamenco is in line with the Bonanza series for habit; flowering time is a few days later. (2006). There are numerous varieties of marigolds, but most can be broken down into three major groups. Flowering – May to September.. This standalone variety in the French Marigold assortment calls out it’s unique pattern, similar to Fireball and Strawberry Blonde. It was called ‘Burpee Red & Gold.' Nov 27, 2020  Week: Order: Asterales. Studies on spasmogenic and spasmolytic activities of Calendula officinalis flowers. Medicinal flowers. French marigold is a plant that exhibits very beautiful flowers during the summer.. French marigold key facts. 48. [5], A yellow dye can be extracted from the flowers.  English German French Spanish Italian Dutch Russian, Common Name : Dwarf Crested French Marigold, Blooming Season : Spring, Late Spring, Summer, Late Summer. Marigolds grow well in most soils and are excellent flower choices for anyone without a lot of gardening experience. It seems like there is a new marigold shade or petal type introduced each year. 'PAS1224888' Protection Information : US PVP202000034 Marigold. This is a great plant to start from seed. III. One of its nicknames is "Mary's Gold," referring to the flowers' use in early Catholic events in some countries. [14][15] Common Name: French marigold orange single, Aztec marigold. The first marigold interspecific hybrid was produced in 1939 by the Burpee Seed Company. A new extract of the plant. The most commonly cultivated and used member of the genus is the pot marigold (Calendula officinalis). These two groups have been cross-bred to create a third group called the triploids.