Water is also evaporated through plants and soil through a process called transpiration. The rain came from water vapor that escaped the magma in the Earth’s molten core into the atmosphere. In colder regions, icecaps form when the amount of snowfall is faster than the rate of evaporation or sublimation. Evaporation occurs over the surfaces of the water bodies such as oceans, streams, and lakes. (Any Why They Do Not Get Sick), Causes and Effects of Marine Habitat Loss, 35+ Outstanding Facts About the Planet Earth, Advantages and Importance of Reforestation, Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth, Causes and Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion, Extraordinary Ways to Protect Coral Reefs, Causes and Effects to Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Ocean Acidification. Storage on the surface of the earth includes lakes, oceans, rivers, glaciers, and reservoirs. This evaporated water is in the form of water vapor, which cannot be seen with naked eyes. A good percentage of precipitation goes back to the atmosphere as evaporation. Water cycle, also called hydrologic cycle, cycle that involves the continuous circulation of water in the Earth-atmosphere system. Without the evaporative cooling effect of the water cycle, the temperature on earth would rise drastically. It can also occur on raindrops, rocks, snow, soil or vegetation. The cycle describes the properties of water that make it undergo the various movements on the planet. (And Process of Formation), How Were the Himalayas Formed? Of the many processes involved in the water cycle, the most important are evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation, and runoff. This area normally acts as reservoirs for storing water. She loves writing on topics related to space, environment, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. When evaporation happens, anything present in the water such as salts and minerals is left behind. Evaporation generally happens when water molecules at the surface of water bodies become excited and rise into the air. The infiltrated water is stored in the soil and can later return to the atmosphere via evapotranspiration. However, … Raindrops are also known to pick up biological agents such as bacteria and industrial soot particles and smoke. The evaporated moisture then rises into the atmosphere from the evaporation sources as water vapor or in a gaseous state. How is it Formed and 10 Most Famous Examples of Lagoons in the World, Biodiesel vs Diesel: How They are Created and Differences Between Both of Them, 15 Serious Effects of Plastic Bags Causing Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Most Common Air Pollutants, Can Squirrels Eat Bread? Water changes its state through a variety of processes from evaporation, melting and freezing, to sublimation, condensation, and deposition. When enough droplets merge, it falls out of the clouds and on to the ground below. Above 0 degrees centigrade, the vapours will condense into water droplets. Process and Wonderful Examples of Condensation, How Do Birds Mate? These molecules with the highest kinetic energy accumulate into water vapour clouds. Groundwater can either follows streams or rivers. The flow is as a result of precipitation above waterways, groundwater runoff from deep percolations, subsurface runoff that infiltrates the surface soils, and surface runoff that flows on the land surface. When the condensed clouds, dew, and fogs become too large and heavy to remain suspended in the atmosphere, they fall back on earth as precipitation due to gravity. Your email address will not be published. Read more about the water cycle by registering @ BYJU’S Biology. Hello fellow human creatures of Earth. The sun happens to be the driving force of the water cycle. Evaporation usually takes place below the boiling point of water. How Does Photosynthesis Take Place in Desert Plants? It may be carried into waterways, intercepted by plants, or infiltrate into the soil. Listed below are different stages of the water cycle. The water cycle has a tremendous impact on the climate. Earth Eclipse. (And Can They Choke on Raisins), Can Squirrels Eat Popcorn? Sources, Formation, and Splendid Solutions of Acid rain, What is Water Condensation? The condensed vapor then forms fog, dew or clouds. Precipitation occurs when the liquid or solid particles in the clouds, dew, and fog drops to the ground because of frictional drag and gravity. The crystallized ice may reach the ground as ice pellets or snow or may melt and change into raindrops before reaching the surface of the earth depending on the atmospheric temperatures. The water cycle is also known the clean the air. Required fields are marked *, Explore the implications of the water cycle on the environment. As the water flows, it can be used for agricultural and domestic purposes, it may seep into the ground, stored in reservoirs or water bodies, or evaporate into the atmosphere. The water cycle, also known as the hydrologic cycle, is the continuous movement of water from the earth’s surface to the atmosphere and then back to the ground. The cycle describes the properties of water that make it undergo the various movements on the planet. 2. Thus, the water present on earth has been in circulation since the evolution of the earth. How do Rainbows Form? Intricate sequences include the transition of water from the gaseous composition of the atmosphere; through the water bodies such as oceans, lakes, rivers; passage through the soil, rocks and underground waters; and later returns into the atmosphere. These waters can either infiltrate into the soil or return to the atmosphere through evapotranspiration or evaporation. It is also referred to as the Hydrological Cycle. The water cycle explains the continuous movement of water on, above, and below the surface of the earth. Her passion for science education drove her to start EarthEclipse with the sole objective of finding and sharing fun and interesting science facts. 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