This can have a positive, negative or neutral effect on the welfare of others. Justification of Constraints in Non-Consequentialism Following the generally admitted differentiation between consequentialist ethical theories, where right and wrong depend only on the consequences, and the non-consequential theories, where right and wrong do not depend entirely on consequences, philosophers draw the conclusion that a successful defense of the non-consequentialist … According to consequentialism, the right act is that act which has the best consequences. The most familiar example would … Ritov and Baron (1990) examined a set of hypothetical vaccination decisions like that just described. of consequentialism, maximization, aggregation and welfare. The most famous version of non-consequentialism is … the first web link (below) provides:Consequentialist vs. non-consequentialist theories of ethics There are two broad categories of ethical theories concerning the rightness or wrongness of actions: consquentialist and non-consequentialist. Examples of the different types of consequentialism aims at defining what the best outcome is:- Utilitarianism "The best outcome is one which promotes the most happiness, pleasure, and the absence of pain. There are two broad schools of ethical theory: consequentialism and non-consequentialism. According to non-consequentialism, the rightness of an action is not solely determined by its consequences. These theories have a broad application in different disciplines including the healthcare. This chapter discusses consequentialism. Crucial to that account is the view that health care, and now also health, is special. I hope these examples make it plausible that nonconsequentialist thinking exists and matters, even if each example is subject to one quibble or another. I shall now present a few examples of possible violations of consequentialism. Egoism and Altruism "Ethical egoism (selfishness) - choosing the action that is best for oneself. Keywords: Utility, consequentialism, welfarism, morality, well-being. A consequentialist theory judges the rightness or wrongness of an action based on the consequences that action has. Health ethics involves deliberating about the allocation of resources, and reflecting on the complex moral choices arising from ongoing health care restructuring and advancing technology. It also entails a critical, political, and ethical analysis of the definition and the determinants of health. Omission and status-quo bias. Consequentialism: the idea that the morality of an act depends on its consequences. This paper analyses the moral implications of applying utilitarian principles in healthcare decisions and illustrate how they relate to the concept of welfarism. Daniels also claims that a rival theory of distributive justice, namely luck egalitarianism (or "equal opportunity for welfare"), cannot provide an adequate account of justice in health and health care. Consequentialism theories focus on the consequences of the ethical decisions made while non-consequentialism theories focus on the intentions that drive specific ethical choices on particular situations (Barber,2016). To decide whether an act would be right or wrong, one should examine the possible results of the act and ask whether the good effects would outweigh the bad effects.