The new public health movement has been critical of public health promotion campaigns that focus only on tackling individual behaviours around smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and nutrition (Keleher, 2007; Baum, 2008). This ecological model must be culturally competent and must be a good fit for the community. Some of these factors are age, education, income, substance use, or history of abuse. A key to resilience thinking is the notion of the threshold or tipping point, which, if a socio-ecological system crosses, may result in irreversible change—‘Sustainability is all about knowing if and where thresholds exist and having the capacity to manage the system in relation to these thresholds’ [(Walker and Salt, 2006), p. 63]. In the 1980s and 1990s, several authors (Kickbusch, 1989; Chu and Simpson, 1994) paid particular attention to how ecological public health could be applied to sustainable development and health promotion. urban green spaces) are less understood (Sadler et al., 2010). What is Public Health? MacDougall et al. This model gives us such a pattern. Recently, ecological public health has … The saying, ‘think globally, act locally’ may well apply here though it is better described as ‘think and act locally, nationally, transnationally and globally all at the same time, and do so in an ethical way’ [(Mulligan and Adams, 2003), p. 297]. All rights reserved. Baum (Baum, 2008) provides a brief history of (old) public health and the evolution of the new public health. Grootjans and Townsend (Grootjans and Townsend, 2005) give an account of the various frameworks developed for health (e.g. In his first model, the mandala of health, humans are at the centre, illustrating the interrelationships between human health, culture and environment (Brown et al., 2005a; Baum, 2008; Nicholson and Stephenson, 2009). The first level identifies biological and personal history factors that increase the likelihood of becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence. According to the Oxford dictionary, a convivial atmosphere is one that is friendly, lively and enjoyable. Recently, ecological public health has re-emerged as a focus for sustainability and health (Brown et al., 2005b), and in areas of concern such as obesity (Lang and Rayner, 2007), healthy lifestyles (Fitzgerald and Spaccarotella, 2009) and climate change (Morris, 2010). This model considers the complex interplay between individual, relationship, community, and societal factors. In seeking to inform ecological public health thinking, this model has drawn from several literatures. This approach is more likely to sustain prevention efforts over time than any single intervention. Equity in health has a long history deriving from theories of justice and fairness. Public health thinking requires an overhaul. Dahlberg LL, Krug EG. So, how might we integrate health and environment in a just and sustainable way? The fourth level looks at the broad societal factors that help create a climate in which violence is encouraged or inhibited. Mapping regional differences in payment for ecosystem service policies to inform integrated management: Case study of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Relatedly, the new field of reconciliation ecology calls for ‘inventing, establishing and maintaining new habitats to conserve species diversity in places where people live, work and play’ [(Rosenzweig, 2003), p. 7]. The nature-culture divide in climate change and biodiversity policy, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2009 Revision of World Urbanization Prospects, VicHealth Strategy and Business Plan 2009–2013, Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (VicHealth), Resilience Thinking: Sustaining Ecosystems and People in a Changing World, An ecologic framework to study and address environmental justice and community health issues, Regional Centre for Environmental Health Activities, © The Author (2013). The concept of an ecological public health is not new. Kickbusch (Kickbusch, 1989) posits the following principles for an ecological public health: conviviality, equity, sustainability and global responsibility. The choice of three conviviality circles is the minimum number to show more than one relationship between different convivial communities interacting with each other in equitable ways, although in practice there would be many more than just three communities, especially when those communities contain both human and non-human communities. Displaying ecological model in public health PowerPoint Presentations. The next section takes this further by developing a model for an ecological public health. These are complex matters and beg the question, what are we to do with this thing called complexity? The social ecological model conceptualizes health broadly and focuses on multiple factors that might affect health. The ecological footprint of all cities is much larger than their land area (Rees and Wackernagel, 1996). Theories of political ecology are germane to equity in this sense (Low and Gleeson, 1998; Forsyth, 2001; Heynen, 2006). Receptor-Driven ERK Pulses Reconfigure MAPK Signaling and Enable Persistence of Drug-Adapted BRAF-Mutant Melanoma Cells. However, this pattern is not homogenous. The model below shows how various factors influence food and beverage intake, physical activity patterns, and ultimately health outcomes. The role of arboriculture in a healthy social ecology, Overcoming policy cacophony on obesity: an ecological public health framework for policymakers, Field theory in Social Science: Selected Theoretical Papers, The urban blind spot in environmental ethics, Relationships between avian diversity, neighborhood age, income, and environmental characteristics of an urban landscape, Justice, Society and Nature: An Exploration of Political Ecology, Beasts of Suburbia: Reinterpreting Cultures in Australian Suburbs, Ecological public health and climate change policy, Health is not just the absence of illness: health in all policies and ‘all in health policies, Adelaide 2010.