, After exiting De Soto, the tornado clipped the northwest corner of Williamson County, narrowly missing the town of Hurst and striking the small village of Bush. *Tornado risk is calculated from the destruction path that has occured within 30 miles of the location. On 12/18/1957, a category F5 (max. The tornado proceeded to devastate additional rural areas across Hamilton and White counties, claiming 45 lives and injuring 140, 20 of whom later died. The tornado struck the northwest side of town, where in a manner similar to what was seen at Murphysboro, a number of densely populated neighborhoods, businesses and mining operations fell victim to the tornado.  The destruction of the town was so complete that many residents and businesses moved on, and the town was never rebuilt. The tornado then struck the mining town of Leadanna, where mining machinery and several structures were destroyed. Strong thunderstorms were now scattered throughout the warm sector and a line of severe thunderstorms was occurring near the dry line. De Soto, IL earthquake index is 0.54, ranked #202 in Illinois. Exhaustive research published in 2013 found no definitive resolution, but did locate additional tornado sightings and damage 15 mi (24 km) west of the previously known beginning of the tornado and 1 mi (1.6 km) east of the previously known ending, extending the total path length by 16 miles to 235 mi (378 km) long. Tornado activity: De Soto-area historical tornado activity is near Illinois state average.It is 86% greater than the overall U.S. average.. On 12/18/1957, a category F5 (max. Of those injured, 46 more later died, bringing the storm's death toll at Murphysboro to 234, to date being the highest exacted by a tornado of any single city in the United States. Other storms in the warm sector, removed from the Tri-State supercell, were initiating around 3 PM. The tornado carried sheets of iron as far as 50 mi (80 km) away. Yearly Avg. Crossing the Wabash River just north of New Harmony, the tornado then entered Indiana. Morning clouds cleared by midday across much of the Tri-State Tornado's eventual path.  The tornado traveled more than 10 mi (16 km) to the northeast, crossing into Pike County before finally dissipating at about 4:38 PM around 2.5 mi (4.0 km) south-southeast of Petersburg.  At Caldwell, a mining village northeast of West Frankfort, 24 people died in the storm, later to be joined by two more of the injured. The path of the Tri-State Tornado. Recovery was generally slow, with the event leaving a lasting blow to the region. Approximately 15,000 homes were destroyed by the Tri-State Tornado. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.  No single factor accounts for the exceptional path length and duration, though the fast forward motion of the tornado, which averaged 59 mph (95 km/h), may have translated to more distance covered.. They also located a 20 mi (32 km) path (apparently created within a period of about 20 minutes) from a large tornado which was likely spawned from the same supercell and was about 65 mi (105 km) east-northeast of the aforementioned path ending. Numerous other homes and farms were completely leveled near Frohna as well, where one woman was killed and another died from her injuries ten days later. Partlow, Geoff. The storm moved quickly to the northeast, speeding through the Missouri towns of Annapolis, Biehle, and Frohna and killing 11 people before crossing the Mississippi River into southern Illinois, where it virtually destroyed the towns of Gorham, De Soto, and Murphysboro, among others. A Terrifying, Deadly Storm Struck Illinois In 1925 And No One Saw It Coming. This brings the known length of the Tri-State Tornado family to around 320 mi (510 km) over nearly 5.5 hours.  After the tornado passed, large fires ignited and swept through the rubble, burning many of the trapped survivors alive. Risk Level: Very High . According to records, the largest tornado in the De Soto area was an F5 in 1957 that caused 6 injuries and 1 deaths. The tornado sped to the northeast, moving into Iron County and hitting the mining town of Annapolis. , During a six-year review study of the Tri-State Tornado published in 2013, new surface and upper air data was obtained and meteorological reanalysis was utilized, adding significantly to knowledge of the synoptic and even mesoscale background of the event. A score of children lost … Such baroclinic zones are also associated with tornadic storms. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. , The tornado then struck the farming town of De Soto, which on a scale paralleling Gorham was virtually obliterated. Two tornadoes tore through areas of DeSoto County, and now residents are faced with picking up the pieces to get their lives back to normal. , In the immediate aftermath, hospitals from St. Louis to Evansville were inundated with the injured and dying, as the storm injured more than 2,000 people, 105 of whom later died from their injuries. This initiated a "Colorado low" cyclogenesis. Cold air advection behind the strong cold front fed into the cyclone as snow and sleet fell from eastern Iowa to central Michigan. Counting those returning home from schools and those that died in schools, the toll was 72 students. The historical De Soto volcano and tornado information also included. A warm front stretched along the Gulf Coast, separating warm, moist air from cool, showery weather with areas of fog that extended from Texas to the Carolinas. Name (22) … Heavy railroad axles were reportedly lifted and scattered across the railyard. Having taken 71 lives in Indiana, the storm dissipated about 4:30 pm approximately 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Petersburg. There apparently was persistent ridging in the western U.S. with a troughing pattern over the central U.S., The extratropical cyclone that set the synoptic stage for the outbreak was centered over northwestern Montana at 7 AM CST on March 17. Jackson County, Illinois. Dozens of farms and homes were swept away, 28 people were killed, and nine more of those injured later died from their wounds. A pronounced pressure trough extended northeast of the low and signaled its future track as a prefrontal trough formed southeast of the low ahead of the dry line. Tornado Information for De Soto, Illinois. A well-mixed early-season continental tropical (cT) air mass existed over West Texas and northern New Mexico. ... 62-year-old Illinois … The synoptic cyclone moved south-southeastward across the mountain states to eastern Colorado. , After exiting Griffin, the tornado made a slight turn towards the northeast as it crossed into Gibson County, devastating rural areas and clipping the northwest corner of Owensville, resulting in nine fatalities. Fires, looting, and theft in the tornado’s aftermath exacerbated its effects. Entire rows of homes were leveled and swept away in some areas. Updates?