In the 1770’s, as a result of improvements in the spinning frame, machine production of cotton fabrics was initiated in Great Britain. This textile is chemically organic, which means that it does not contain any synthetic compounds. Learn about the different types of cotton fabrics and the common use of each, from clothing to home décor. Shirt fabrics weigh 100–250 g per sq m. Cotton dress fabrics, such as chintz, satin, plaids, and cotton flannellette, are produced with all types of weaves. The range of available cotton fabrics includes approximately 2,500 types. Fabrics are distinguished by structure, appearance, and purpose. Domestic fabrics account for approximately 80 percent of all cotton fabrics, including apparel (for undergarments, shirts, dresses, and suits), moisture-absorbing, and decorative fabrics. Cottage production began in Europe in the 14th century, mostly for fabrics with a linen warp and cotton weft; cotton fabrics were frequently imported from the East Indies. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. How to use cotton in a sentence. (See alsoFABRIC, WOVEN and TEXTILE INDUSTRY.). cotton, cashmere, etc. a woven fabric made of cotton yarns or yarns produced from a blend of cotton and chemical fibers or obtained by weaving cotton and chemical or mixed threads. What is cotton lawn fabric. Define cotton. They are made from twist yarns using plain, small-figured, and large-figured weaves, sometimes in combination with viscose yarn. Any of various shrubby plants of the genus Gossypium, having showy flowers and grown for the soft white downy fibers surrounding oil-rich seeds. In the USSR the volume of cotton fabric production in 1975 was approximately 6.6 billion sq m—about 75 percent of the total volume of fabrics produced. Any of various shrubby plants of the genus Gossypium, having showy flowers and grown for the soft white downy fibers surrounding oil-rich seeds. It is comfortable to wear because it absorbs and releases moisture quickly. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Cotton fabric is derived from the fibers surrounding the seeds of cotton plants, which emerge … Definition of woven fabric in the Definitions.net dictionary. All the basic types of weave are used in the production of cotton fabrics. Decorative fabrics (tapestry, napped, and other types) are used to upholster furniture and manufacture drapes. The use of cotton fiber and the hand production of yarn and fabric from cotton was widespread in India and China many centuries before the Common Era. The yarns may be cotton or cotton-viscose, carded or combed; viscose and acetate threads are used as well. Nonetheless, in 1913, Russia had one of the lowest outputs of cotton fabrics among the developed countries. In addition to the cotton fabrics mentioned above, factories produce gauze, various types of industrial fabrics, packing and packaging fabrics, flannellette and summer blankets, bedspreads, and tablecloths. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae. Cotton accepts many dyes, is usually washable, and can be ironed at relatively high temperatures. cotton synonyms, cotton pronunciation, cotton translation, English dictionary definition of cotton. Heavy fabrics (100–165 g per sq m), such as bleached coarse calicoes and linens, are used for men’s underwear and sheets; lightweight fabrics (70–100 g per m sq), such as madapollam and calico, are used for women’s and children’s undergarments. Cotton Fabric synonyms, Cotton Fabric pronunciation, Cotton Fabric translation, English dictionary definition of Cotton Fabric. Meaning of woven fabric. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Cotton fabrics are classified as domestic or industrial, depending on their purpose. n. 1. a. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Cotton+Fabric, The actual economy of mousseline de laine, which needs no washing, has since injured the sale of, The EssentiA towel, manufactured by Precision Fabrics Group (PFG) in Greensboro, NC, is made from an innovative nonwoven fabric that does not generate the amount of lint or the loose fibers associated with, The new formulation proved disappointing on, The ratings mirror the firm's established market position in the, Retailer of high-end men's clothing is looking for, Figure 8 shows SEM images of cross-sections of hybrid PTFE/, The wheels for pipe thread grinding are made from multiple layers of non-woven. Moisture-absorbing cotton fabrics are used for face and terry-cloth towels and for handkerchiefs. The growth rate in the production of cotton fabrics was quite high. After the reform of 1861 the small shops were turned into factories producing various types of cotton fabrics. Their weight is 170–450 g per sqm. Find out why cotton is the fabric of your life. The weight may range from 60 to 270 g per sq m, depending on the intended seasonal use. Towels are made from carded yarn and weigh 150–380 g per sq m. They hold moisture well because of the high hygroscopicity of the yarn and because of the waffle or pile weave used.