Social crime prevention. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. However, one disadvantage of this approach includes crime displacement, "where the effect of crime prevention efforts, in which efforts to control crime in one area shift illegal activities to another area" (McCormick & Siegel, 2012, p.144). With this, some young males turn to crime simply because they find it rewarding, satisfying easy or fun (McCormick & Siegel, 2012). This essay discusses crime prevention, its models, and its application in the real-world setting. Situational crime prevention gained recognition in the early 1970's by Oscar Newman, who integrated the term defence space to signify that crime can be prevented or displaced through the use of residential architectural designs that reduce criminal opportunity, such as well-lit housing projects while maximizing surveillance (McCormick & Siegel, 2012). Situational crime prevention aims is to deny access of motivated offenders to suitable targets such as a home that displays a home security system which signals guardianship. In totality, crime prevention programs need to be effective, valuable and successful. Considering the massive cost of crime, it became incumbent upon police and law enforcement agencies to recruit and enlist the assistance of citizens in an effort to arrest the escalating costs of crime. Surveillance can be further analyzed into natural surveillance, such as street lighting, or formal surveillance, such as closed circuit television. Upon completing a design change and enhancing security presence, the skateboarders will be deterred from returning in fear of prosecution and will be forced to move to another public space for their activities. In lieu of situational prevention techniques, some criminologists have advocated social prevention instead because of the view that crime as a social problem is deeply ingrained within the economic and cultural structures in society. Although it is difficult to measure the effectiveness of crime prevention, measurement through statistical comparison between previous year’s crime rates is probably the most reliable. To curb this gargantuan cost, crime reduction is considered a feasible alternative. Due to the increasing complexity brought about by modernisation, overpopulation, urbanisation, and globalisation, crime prevention has required a more urgent stance not only from government but also from communities, schools, citizens, families, and non-government institutions. If the youth are occupied, particularly with sports or some sort of employment, they will not be wandering the streets creating activities for themselves. The theoretical concepts of crime prevention discussed earlier have generated various intervention strategies all aimed to preventing crime. White and Perrone (2005) enumerated three major reasons why crime prevention has taken an unprecedented turn during this period: economic, operational, and community initiative. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Throughout its history, differing models of crime prevention have been used by law enforcement and criminologists around the world to curb crime and reduce victimisation. While control over the first two elements, desire and ability rests solely with the suspect, crime prevention can have considerable impact on the third – opportunity. Clarke & Cornish (2003) presented five types of techniques which criminology practitioners should consider when using the situational model: “1) increasing effort required to commit crimes; 2) increasing risks of committing crimes; 3) reducing rewards out of crimes; 4) reducing conditions that provoke crime; and 5) removing excuses for committing crimes” (as cited in Homel, 2005, p. 132). In contrast, Warned et al. The Concept Of Crime Prevention Criminology Essay. As crime rates increased with demographic changes attributed to the sprawl of urbanisation and migration, citizens have learned to recognise that a singular campaign by law enforcement to prevent crime would not do; hence, citizens have assembled themselves into crime prevention groups based in their respective communities to assist in crime prevention. Surveillance in itself is correlated with creating a sense of safety for victims and instilling fear among criminals. 832 Words 4 Pages. The objective is to inconvenience the criminal as much as possible from completing a criminal act.