In 1995 archaeological excavations in Scotland have revealed traces of a pit where huge amounts of hazelnut shells had been dumped. Decant and drink it warm. The name hazelnut applies to the nuts of any of the species of the genus Corylus, but in commercial settings a hazelnut is usually that of C. avellana. They also contain significant amounts of manganese, copper, vitamin E, thiamine, and magnesium. Turkish hazelnut production of 625,000 tonnes accounts for approximately 75% of worldwide production. Nitrates, phosphorus, potassium, iron ensure the good functioning of the organism and are highly recommended in cases of anemia. Carbon 14 analysis revealed that those tracks go back almost 9000 years. Hazelnuts are to be consumed as such or milled, in mixture with honey. They are recommended for tuberculosis and diabetes patients as they have energizing effects. They can also be liquidized and used as a plant milk. Decant and drink it warm. A shrub 12 to 20 ft high, sometimes with the habit of a small tree, but usually forming a dense thicket of erect, much-branched stems, renewing itself by sucker growths from the base; young shoots glandular-downy. [13] Some of these are grown for specific qualities of the nut including large nut size, and early and late fruiting cultivars, whereas other are grown as pollinators. Tolerates average garden soils. La principal ventaja de la siembra del Corylus avellana, es el cultivo de sus frutos, los cuales son muy apreciados por su potencial alimenticio, y altamente usados en el campo de la repostería. [4] Sinonimia. They have a very high nutritional value. The nut is roughly spherical to oval, 15–20 mm long and 12–20 mm broad (larger, up to 25 mm long, in some cultivated selections), yellow-brown with a pale scar at the base. Title Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. [12], There are many cultivars of the hazel, including Barcelona, Butler, Casina, Clark Cosford, Daviana, Delle Langhe, England, Ennis, Fillbert, Halls Giant, Jemtegaard, Kent Cob, Lewis, Tokolyi, Tonda Gentile, Tonda di Giffoni, Tonda Romana, Wanliss Pride, and Willamette. Traditional medicine uses the leaves in the form of aqueous or hydro-alcoholic extract, in treating small lesions, and the bark is used in cases of intermittent nonspecific fever. According to the New Sunset Western Garden Book, the European hazelnut is among the most widely grown hazelnut plants for commercial nut production. Known Hazards None known Botanical References. 2.For treating light internal bleedings: infusion of 1 teaspoon dried and milled leaves and a cup (200ml) of boiling water. The nut falls out of the husk when ripe, about seven to eight months after pollination. Take one tablespoon each morning on an empty stomach, for 15 days. The seed has a thin, dark brown skin which has a bitter flavour and is sometimes removed before cooking. The name "hazelnut" applies to the nuts of any of the species of the genus Corylus. Hazelnuts (seeds) contain water (about 3.5%), oil (62%), protein (14%), carbohydrates (13%), potassium salts (635mg%), calcium (225 mg%), phosphorus (330mg%), iron (3.8% mg), sodium (2 mg%), traces of copper, vitamin A, vitamin B1 (0.04 mg%) vitamin B2 (0,02mg%), niacin (1,4 mg%), vitamin C (3 mg%). Corylus era el nombre romano de los avellanos y su fruto, la avellana, y deriva del griego corys ‘casco’, pues le acompaña una cubierta papirácea que se le asemeja; avellana deriva de la ciudad italiana Avella, donde abundaba esta planta. [13] Some cultivars are of hybrid origin between common hazel and filbert. It tones the liver parenchyma and restores the elasticity of the lung tissue. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. 4.For the elimination of toxins (sudorific) and as astringent: infusion of 1 tablespoon buds and a cup (200 ml) of boiling water. They are recommended for tuberculosis and diabetes patients as they have energizing effects. Your Health Remedy is a website for those who aspire to improve themselves and their life, as well as contribute to making the world a better place to live. View abstract. Corylus avellana, the common hazel, is a species of hazel native to Europe and western Asia, from the British Isles south to Iberia, Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, north to central Scandinavia, and east to the central Ural Mountains, the Caucasus, and northwestern Iran. Such suckers cannot be used for propagation and must be regularly removed to prevent part… Both are considered pests by hazelnut growers. [2], The scientific name avellana derives from the town of Avella in Italy,[6] and was selected by Linnaeus from Leonhart Fuchs's De historia stirpium commentarii insignes (1542), where the species was described as "Avellana nux sylvestris" ("wild nut of Avella"). Drink 2 cups a day. Noteworthy Characteristics. The nut falls out of the involucre when ripe, about 7–8 months after pollination. 1.For the treatment and elimination of tapeworms: oil. Other uses of the herb: The seed contains up to 65% of a non-drying oil, used in paints, cosmetics etc. It also grows in forest edges, thickets, and hedges. Leave it covered for 15 minutes and then decant. Hazel’s soil is a very good basis for the development of truffles. The hazelnut, also known as the cobnut, is the nut of the hazel. 1753. Corylus avellana fue descrito por Carlos Linneo y publicado en Species Plantarum 2: 998–999. 11. The flowers have anti-diarrheal properties. Male catkins are pale yellow and 5–12 cm long, while female flowers are very small and largely concealed in the buds with only the bright red 1–3 mm long styles visible. Hazel is a type of deciduous tree, part of the family Betulaceae, which can be found growing at the foot of beech and oak forests. The top producer of hazelnuts, by a large margin, is Turkey, specifically the Giresun Province. They are astringent, diaphoretic, febrifuge, nutritive and odontalgic. Sutherland MF, O'Hehir RE, Czarny D, Suphioglu C. Macadamia nut anaphylaxis: demonstration of specific IgE reactivity and partial cross-reactivity with hazelnut.