As reproductive season starts, males usually gain weight and become more active, fiercely competing over females. As omnivorous animals, the Common squirrel monkeys consume food of both plant and animal origin, including fruit, berries, flowers, nectar as well as various insects. When moving through forest, a group of these primates makes a loud noise. Independence is reached at 10 months old. The Common squirrel monkey is a New World monkey with a squirrel-like appearance, endemic to tropical areas of South America. Common squirrel monkeys are endemic to tropical forests of South America (Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela), typically occurring in the middle level of the rainforest canopy, although they may be found at different levels when looking for food and shelter. They are very vocal and have a variety of different sounds and non verbal cues that they use to bond with each other. The communication system of these monkeys includes a wide variety of calls. When sleeping, they bend forward while their tails are curled between the legs, covering their shoulders. What may look chaotic to us though does work very well for this particular species of Monkey. They will eat what they can find in various locations without hesitation. According to IUCN, the Common squirrel monkey is widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Each such troop generally consists of females, although multiple males are always present. They also consume insects, bugs, fruits, leaves, and twigs. However, they seem to be doing well and their numbers haven’t gone down much in the past several decades. The Common Squirrel Monkey is one that gets its name for looking very similar to the Squirrel. Nevertheless, despite the above-mentioned factors, the overall population of these animals remains stable during the last several decades. The Common Squirrel Monkey doesn’t seem to be at risk right now of a future. Common squirrel monkeys are active, vocal and social primates. Nectar is something that they drink as well. Although these primates aren't currently threatened with extinction, they do suffer from destruction of their natural habitat. However, they will move up or down to find food and shelter if they need to. However, they have groups that depend on their role. These Monkeys are sometimes captured to be sold as pets or used in laboratories. Common squirrel monkeys are known to cooperate with the Brown capuchins, helping each other to find food and escape predators. These agile primates are able to take long horizontal leaps of as long as 2 meters. Common Squirrel Monkey Wikipedia article -, 2. The breeding season lasts from September to November, while most births occur in February-April. They are doing very well there. They are usually found in the middle of the canopy of the rainforests. This species is found throughout the rainforests of Brazil, Venezuela and Columbia. Common Squirrel Monkey – Saimiri sciureus. Sometimes an entire group of females will run a male off and none of them will mate with him. Common squirrel monkeys are polygynandrous (promiscuous), which means that multiple males mate indiscriminately with multiple females. Additionally, the Common squirrel monkeys are used in laboratories as well as captured and sold as a pet species. Around 10 years ago, this species was also introduced to Southern Florida, where these animals successfully reproduce. They enjoy the wetter regions where there are marshlands and swamps. There is a good mixture of males and females that interact in the Common Squirrel Monkey groups. They easily detect fruits among dense vegetation of their forest habitat due to well-developed eyesight, allowing them to recognize colors. Females are very picky about who they will mate with. When mating season is upon them though the males will be very aggressive towards each other. The females are the dominant members of the group. There can be groups of up to 500 of them in some places. Some have been located in Rio de Janeiro too in the last year. As a result the social groups and structure has to be very organized. Around 10 years ago, this species was also introduced to Southern Florida, where these animals successfully reproduce. As diurnal animals, the Common squirrel monkeys sleep in groups at night, being active during the daytime hours, when these groups split into smaller sub-groups to forage. The adolescence will be around their peers. For example the mothers of young spend time with each other. Water is something they need and they will get it from puddles on the ground. It is a very agile monkey, with a high metabolic rate and although an omnivorous animal, it feeds primarily on insects and other invertebrates. They are spread out there all over the place so you will find them in Bolivia, Venezuela, and many other places. Overall, the social structure of this species varies between populations in different regions. The age of sexual maturity is 2 years old in females and 4 years old in males. The massive brain of these animals is double the proportion of human brain. This primate can be found in countries such as Bolivia and Venezuela. It also feeds on … It is believed they may have escaped from an illegal pet trade capture. Squirrel monkey in a branch in Costa Rica. Tree Frogs are part of the diet for the Common Squirrel Monkey. The males often act in ways that try to impress females and that is why they will lavish them with attention or grooming efforts. Squirrel monkeys are known to have the largest brain for their body mass among all of the world's primates. According to the Wikipedia resource, in the 1980s, 500 and 1000 Common squirrel monkeys remained in the shuttered Masterpiece Gardens Park in Polk County. Only young individuals of this species exhibit a prehensile tail, whereas adults typically use this part of their body as a prop, helping them balance. Additionally, a group of these monkeys have been recently spotted in Rio de Janeiro, evidently as a result of escape from an illegal pet trade capture. A population of them was introduced in Southern Florida about 10 years ago. The entire group is very social and depend on each other for protection. by @BioExpedition. They are spread out there all over the place so you will find them in Bolivia, Venezuela, and many other places. These monkeys use a unique method of scent marking known as urine washing: this is when an animal urinates on its hands and then rubs it on its tail. It travels on the back of its mother for the first 5 - 10 weeks after birth, at which point the infant starts to occasionally leave its mother, exploring the surroundings. The Common Squirrel Monkey lives in very large groups, up to 300 individuals, on moist tropical forests and usually forages in the medium and lower levels of the forest and sleeps close to the canopy. Some have been located in Rio de Janeiro too in the last year. The adult males often group around each other and act out. This type of activity though is part of why so many of the young die before they can reach the age of maturity. There are concerns in some locations about their habitat being destroyed. Group members don't practice mutual grooming to enhance social bonds. The newborn baby is cared for only by its mother. They also give out certain calls when foraging, threatened as well as during the reproductive season. Currently, the species is classified as Least Concern (LC), although its numbers are decreasing. A single infant is born after 150 - 170 days of gestation. The tropical regions of South America is where you will find the Common Squirrel Monkey. The cycle of mating for the Common Squirrel Monkey can depend on what location where they live. Such as diverse diet makes it easier for them to thrive in a changing environment. Social hierarchy in this species is not pronounced, but males are noticeably more dominant than females. The tropical regions of South America is where you will find the Common Squirrel Monkey. This primate can be found in countries such as Bolivia and Venezuela. The winner eventually mates with majority of females. They will typically mate when food is plentiful though. The Common squirrel monkey is a New World monkey with a squirrel-like appearance, endemic to tropical areas of South America. A population of them was introduced in Southern Florida about 10 years ago. They also get lots of water from the trees and from the foods they eat. The ideal habitat for this species is wet areas with marshlands and swamps, although some populations also inhabit savannahs. In the wild, they can live in colonies of up to 300 monkeys! Group members use 25 - 30 various vocalizations to communicate with each other. September-November, births in February-April, 1. These monkeys are highly social creatures, forming large troops of up to 300 individuals, although most contain only 40 - 50 animals. They are doing very well there. Common Squirrel Monkey on The IUCN Red List site -, troop, barrel, cartload, tribe, wilderness, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_squirrel_monkey, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41537/0.