The European flounder is a flatfish of European coastal waters from the White Sea in the north to the Mediterranean and the Black Sea in the south. Flatfish range in color from a speckled brown, black, and beige, like a black sea turbot; or spotted, like the blue-and-yellow peacock flounder. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Lemon sole have very small mouths and are rarely caught on hook and line. Flatfish begin life symmetrically, as regular-looking fish with eyes on either side of their head. Of the more than 120 flatfish species listed on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened Species, most are either of least concern, meaning their populations are stable, or there isn’t sufficient data to assess their numbers. Along with cod and haddock they are the fish most commonly used in the classic British dish of fish and chips, and are a regular feature on the menus at restaurants and pubs. True turbot are not found in the … Their pigment also changes, making them light on their belly side and dark on their back—a type of camouflage called countershading. Mating in the eyed flounder, which range throughout the Atlantic, is similar, but males keep harems of females that live in their own areas within the male’s territory. The turbot is a relatively large species of flatfish in the family Scophthalmidae. There are a couple of other small members of … Find the perfect black sea flounder stock photo. No misnomers here. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Turbot in the Black Sea have often been included in this species, but are now generally regarded as separate, the Black Sea turbot or kalkan. The various flatfish found around our coastline are all very similar in shape and colour, so identifying them can sometimes prove difficult. This works well for the ambush predator, which lie in wait until their prey—often fish or crustaceans—come within striking distance. Flatfish are exactly what they sound like: fish with thin, oval or diamond-shaped bodies that are lie flat on the seafloor. Well-known commercial fish, including flounder, halibut, sole, and turbot, are flatfish. Plaice identification - large pronounced red spots, knobbly head but smooth skin, Dab identification - lighter brown colour, small flecks and spots, sometimes orange or white, distinctive curve in lateral line, Flounder identification - square-cut tail fin, muddy-brown looking, rough back and head, Dover sole identification - distinctive hooked mouth, sole-shaped, Turbot identification - Large rounded body, spotted/speckled, with scaly tubercles, Brill identification - more oval than turbot with frilly front edge to its dorsal fin near the mouth, Megrim identification - long and thin, large eyes and mouth, noticeable teeth, Know your flatfish species with our identification guide, ← Shore fishing for winter bass in Ireland, Top beach tips for catching smoothhounds from the shore →. Plaice are highly valued as a food fish. All rights reserved. It is an important food fish. It is a demersal fish native to marine or brackish waters of the Northeast Atlantic, Baltic Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. However the IUCN lists the Atlantic halibut, a fish popular for seafood and recreational angling, as endangered due to overfishing. The male then positions himself under the female, and the pair rise up from the seafloor during the release of eggs and sperm. The fish expand and retract their chromatophores—pigment-containing cells—to quickly change color if threatened or stalking prey. No need to register, buy now! There are a couple of other small members of the sole family and the rare megrim. This rig is specifically designed to catch flatfish such as plaice and flounder. The major angling flatfish are plaice, dab, flounder, Dover sole, turbot and brill. About a month into their development, the fry undergo a metamorphosis: Their skull shape begins to change, and one eye begins to migrate over the fish’s head to join the other. Your Flatfish Black Sea stock images are ready. They can also bury themselves quickly in the sand, protruding their independently moving eyes to keep watch without being seen. The major angling flatfish are plaice, dab, flounder, Dover sole, turbot and brill.