Development of aluminium alloys The chief alloying constituents added to aluminium are copper, magnesium, silicon, manganese, nickel and zinc. o�^�I�H�.�;���S�]�i_s9�*p����.7U^��s.�3u� �|^,��V��t. H����sT�6?M[�*>��\��J����M x�b```�(�-� �� ALUMINIUM ALLOYS IN MARINE APPLICATIONS 37 Alcan Marine 3. Aluminum Alloys Safety Data Sheet According To Federal Register / Vol. Revision Date: 09/20/2018 Date of Issue: 10/28/2014 Version: 2.0 SECTION 09/20/2018 EN (English US) 1/18 1: IDENTIFICATION 1.1. O*��?�����f�����`ϳ�g���C/����O�ϩ�+F�F�G�Gό���z����ˌ��ㅿ)����ѫ�~w��gb���k��?Jި�9���m�d���wi獵�ޫ�?�����c�Ǒ��O�O���?w| ��x&mf������ endstream endobj 148 0 obj <>stream ĪYir��.�h��&9����HmSu�bS�*b���^����ztB��� ����Ηرd������2�mJp/ ]�x�Aإ���QPPP��I ʄp���\`0[t0�9�`AZX�����G8^���AI*��� 3��,(V�$�Pˈ�f�XZ����D��r��P�1�"D;]#:([email protected]�����9�X,������b�>0n5g�:����5$�3�s13q�H�i�� ���+��,�?�+\"�& �Y �,����6�% �` A��~ endstream endobj 140 0 obj <> endobj 141 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Type/Page>> endobj 142 0 obj <>stream They are used in the automotive industry, aerospace industry, in construc-tion of machines, appliances, and structures, as cooking utensils, as cov-ers for housings for electronic equipment, as pressure vessels for cryogenic applications, and in innumerable other areas. �,�����R�ֺ�\�Q��b��o���aC��dg���cYw0);����Z���^�"�c���2 �g700X�7ݛ?�Y��{�[��ٺ� d���U��B��5yJ8RU^j�ԉNx���)ϠB��S&-y��܈�hR���lk;�4�,�^pu�V�K�G��Z~�%RK6f������BrG�b_c\��aA�:��o�l�m��]@ˏ槪v��|A���v�Ñ ��]��n��K�Yr x��wTS��Ͻ7��" %�z �;HQ�I�P��&vDF)VdT�G�"cE��b� �P��QDE�݌k �5�ޚ��Y�����g�}׺ P���tX�4�X���\���X��ffG�D���=���HƳ��.�d��,�P&s���"7C$ 0000001206 00000 n Melting and pouring practices ! We shall not lay much. Although aluminium compounds have been used for thousands of years, aluminium metal was first produced around 170 years ago. Good fluidity ! in width and breadth and 50 mm (2 in.) 2�v�o&�u!Mm��ޡQ�x��@��"�G�,�>��A�$���i�n�)=����i�w��8{t���9��F��N�~ o�0� endstream endobj 143 0 obj [/ICCBased 148 0 R] endobj 144 0 obj [/ICCBased 147 0 R] endobj 145 0 obj <> endobj 146 0 obj <> endobj 147 0 obj <>stream 2 Ausgabe I Edition: 2016-11 Aluminium-Werkstoff-Datenblatt EN AW-1050 EN AW-AI99 5 4. lleclulnlsche Eigenschaften / lleclulnlcal EN485-2 Bänder, Blache, Platten, Tall 2: Machanisehe … Additions may be made in accordance with the rules outlined in the Declaration of Accord printed on page 31, and alloys will be deleted when no longer in commercial use (see table of inactive alloys printed on pages 22-23). aluminum alloys. 139 0 obj <> endobj xref 139 12 0000000016 00000 n Cast aluminium alloys Properties required for good casting ! trailer <<7EAF082C2FCB478CB602EA6F28E5BA9C>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 150 0 obj <>stream Wrought Aluminum and Wrought Aluminum Alloys, which is printed on pages 28 through 30. Aluminum alloys are economical in many applications. The surface films are generally stable in the pH range of about 4,5 - 8. 7Ǣ��B)��0^��#�!e�$E^�4i:�F�-H:ю�,BZ�t ���h����R���|�(Z�_�G\��^N��-Sj���q�r��l��f�˲�=�d���l�,�ӈ����}�{%/�E�#�� �SJ�d��! ��'o��o��X�z��H:@� z�4"mBڊ�B�!W�b�5�7��!��4��H�f3^��7'�D{��+ć?�� �7�ˢ|��^������k���H�6�>�wT�*��W��Z���`;��"/A�B�4i#��`�ͳ�N. 0000002690 00000 n Product Identifier. d���������e���7�ޔo��,˖.�M,��HD��p�b"�B*!t���b�k����+�Y��v]���\y���n�,zy������,�~sQ���e(��.\vM�:��_v墙���P����t���>�]5c��l�۟�׋5,�^o8�r�⥳;��B̿%��_:�9��M?�� F��I%y�� #*)!� ���s��k~_�O��ާ�O�W��2���G�V؝����)�wt�Q���K�h�o�{�A�K�P���qz%�,^����{�D�[K�}s�TD�"1��9��#J9��Z��������!����ǐ/Bځt I&ӥ��W!5"�@:��&����ni���H:)G 4�.0,` �3p� ��H�[email protected]�A>� They are manufactured by a sequence of hot, then cold, form-ing operations (rolling for sheets) combined with intermediate and/or final annealing. Introduction to Aluminium and its alloys. 0000001750 00000 n 2 THE OXIDE FILM 5 Two classes of alloys may be considered. �FV>2 u�����/�_$\�B�Cv�< 5]�s.,4�&�y�Ux~xw-bEDCĻH����G��KwF�G�E�GME{E�EK�X,Y��F�Z� �={$vr����K���� STRAIN HARDENING ALLOYS These alloys belong to the 1000, 3000, 5000 and 8000 series (8). ߏƿ'� Zk�!� $l$T����4Q��Ot"�y�\b)���A�I&N�I�$R$)���TIj"]&=&�!��:[email protected]^O�$� _%�?P�(&OJEB�N9J�@[email protected]�R �n�X����ZO�D}J}/G�3���ɭ���k��{%O�חw�_.�'_!J����Q�@�S���V�F��=�IE���b�b�b�b��5�Q%�����O�@��%�!BӥyҸ�M�:�e�0G7��ӓ����� e%e[�(����R�0`�3R��������4�����6�i^��)��*n*|�"�f����LUo�՝�m�O�0j&jaj�j��.��ϧ�w�ϝ_4����갺�z��j���=���U�4�5�n�ɚ��4ǴhZ�Z�Z�^0����Tf%��9�����-�>�ݫ=�c��Xg�N��]�. 77, No. 0000001787 00000 n x�}`TE��̼�����fKʆ�� �@$�� � M�P�T���`ǂ,I�P��)�g��N�Sl�a=Q~� 0000005397 00000 n hÞìY͎Û8¾û)x´1[¤þgOIg&H€Ù`¦½ØC2Y¦mNôãåv¼¯±äæ2ϸ_‘´-w+™,°‡Á"m ­–ŠõóÕWÅ¢ú~r󳪊^?¨Û¶j;]«¾Ó%ë4›Üܚ„•† û1e3¹yu'ØÆLDr)Y*¹ÈRÆ Áâ(ãa³NM֓‹ÉÍ´n±ž„!øœ®EñzXœÇ. China GB/T3190 Aluminium und Aluminiumknetlegierungen I Wrought aluminium and aluminiu m alloys ISO ISO 209-1 Reinaluminium und Aluminiumknetlegierungen I Unalloyed aluminium and aluminium alloys . x�T�k�P��e���:g >h�ndStC��kW��Z�6�!H��m\��$�~�ًo:�w�>�كo{� �a���"L�"���4M'S������9'��^��qZ�/USO�������^C+�hM��[email protected]Ӳy���lt�o߫�c՚�� ��5�"�Y�i\�t�։�15��LsX� g8oc�ግ#�[email protected]� ��B:K�@8�i�� �΁�'&��.���s��_���雭��m�N�|��9}p�� ��?_�A��pX6�5~B�$�&���ti��e��Y)%$�bT�3li�������P���4�43Y���P��1���KF����ۑ��5>�)�@����r��y������[�:V���ͦ#��wQ?HB��d(��Ba�cĪ�L"J��itTy�8�;(���Gx�_�^�[�������%׎��ŷ��Q���麲�ua��n�7��m�Q���H^e�O�Q�u6�S��u�2��%vX���^�*l Impurity levels ! 0000006276 00000 n [��՟Ϫ����x���# 0000001713 00000 n 0000001272 00000 n Good surface finishes Main disadvantage ! Aluminum alloy test pieces, 40 mm (1.6 in.) %PDF-1.4 %���� )$&���F��-��>[H2��(�E��v�6[}�X�}G�$ʾedzw����ϖ��O��H��O�'d;��y��H���Cұ��|��G�#bg��*��H[� }��g"W�?D��*$�>@���1�����@GؑL;{�����$K:�hA'�uNo�6��柊�Q �40j��K�R)���w�M�7W΋����Ēѭ�{��I Creep of Aluminium and Aluminium Alloys 26 pages, 20 Figures Advanced Level I Prepared by S.Spigarelli INFM/Department of Mechanics, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy Objectives: This chapter constitutes an introduction to creep and to the creep response of Aluminium and its alloys. � endstream endobj 149 0 obj <>stream In each group we shall study the ones which seem the most interesting—those in which aluminium plays an important part. High solidification shrinkage (3.5-8.5%) Factors controlling properties ! Aluminium is the world’s most abundant metal and is the third most common element, comprising 8% of the earth’s crust. endstream endobj 276 0 obj <> endobj 277 0 obj <> endobj 278 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 279 0 obj <> endobj 280 0 obj <> endobj 281 0 obj <> endobj 282 0 obj <> endobj 283 0 obj [/ICCBased 292 0 R] endobj 284 0 obj <> endobj 285 0 obj <> endobj 286 0 obj <> endobj 287 0 obj <> endobj 288 0 obj <> endobj 289 0 obj <>stream A1�v�jp ԁz�N�6p\W� p�[email protected] [7A�\�SwBOK/X/_�Q�>Q�����G�[��� �`�A�������a�a��c#����*�Z�;�8c�q��>�[&���I�I��MS���T`�ϴ�k�h&4�5�Ǣ��YY�F֠9�=�X���_,�,S-�,Y)YXm�����Ěk]c}džj�c�Φ�浭�-�v��};�]���N����"�&�1=�x����tv(��}�������'{'��I�ߝY�)� Σ��-r�q�r�.d.�_xp��Uە�Z���M׍�v�m���=����+K�G�ǔ����^���W�W����b�j�>:>�>�>�v��}/�a��v���������O8� �