Social class: The above three systems of stratification—slavery, estate and caste system—are mainly associated with agrarian societies. Unlike castes, estates were created politically by man-made laws rather than religious rules. Class. Privacy Policy 8. A second system is a caste system. Are you a teacher? These are the different systems of social stratification. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The status is acquired through religion, culture, or other social factors. Instead, it is “ascribed” to them by society and there is nothing they can do to change it. Origins of social stratification 4. Some people are free while other people are property. Stratification Structure: Form # 1. Each estate had its own code of appropriate behaviour. One system of social stratification is slavery. However, sociologists have grouped majority of these into four basic systems of stratification: slavery, estates, caste and class. These are sometimes found in conjunction with one another: The term ‘slave’ is used to denote “a man whom law and/or custom regards as the property of another”. Social stratification occurs when a society has a number of different “layers” of people within it who have different statuses. People do not earn or choose their status. Stratification systems differ in significant ways, the analysis of which is facilitated by comparison along three axes of inequality. In other words, social stratification exists if there are different groups of people who have different levels of such things as power, prestige, and wealth. Accordingly, individuals who fail to abide by the rituals and duties (karma) of their caste, it is believed, will be reborn in an inferior position in their next incarnation. The caste system of India does not permit a person to switch between the vertical strata or caste structure (that is an ascribed status) across the social hierarchy, thus making it a closed system. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Social stratification occurs in all societies or large groups of people. In an estate system, the people of various strata were identified by the rights they had and the duties they were expected to perform. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Social Stratification Is A Concept That Refers To. These differences are what led to social stratification. Concrete forms of social stratification are different and numerous. After the American colonies won their independence from Britain, the South had at least one characteristic of an estate system, the control of large plots of land by a relatively few wealthy individuals and their families, but it used slaves rather than serfs to work the land. The class system is based on material possessions and money. They were less rigid than castes and allowed some mobility. In the modern industrial societies, where machine energy has replaced human and animal energy as the primary source of economic production, an entirely new set of social stratification has developed, which is known as social classes. We tend to give more power and prestige to those who have more money or more of other forms of wealth. Copyright 10. The distinctions are based on individual prestige, power or property relative to other members of the same society. Sign up now, Latest answer posted June 16, 2018 at 12:30:37 PM, Latest answer posted July 14, 2019 at 7:35:55 PM, Latest answer posted March 17, 2020 at 12:13:30 PM, Latest answer posted December 12, 2011 at 11:33:28 AM, Latest answer posted June 28, 2013 at 2:24:27 PM. The above three systems of stratification—slavery, estate and caste system—are mainly associated with agrarian societies. Slaves are in lower condition and have no political rights. The greater the inequality in society, the greater is the rate of conflict and its revolutionary nature. In this system, there is a basic two-level stratification. Social stratification 2. All societies have social stratification. Slavery: Slavery is an age-old institution. Slavery is an extreme form of inequality. There are two types of stratification systems: ascription-based and achievement-based. Modern Weberians, such as John Rex, argue that the apartheid system in South Africa was a form of caste system.